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论建立“以人民为中心”的治理模式——基于行为科学的视角 被引量:7

Promoting China' s State Governance Modernization: From Perspective of Behavioral Science and Meticulous Governance
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摘要 国家治理现代化的核心理念是“以人民为中心”,最终目的是促进人的全面发展和社会的全面进步。个体非理性可能导致“个体失灵”,导致治理失效。2017年诺贝尔经济学奖获得者理查德·塞勒等一系列学者将公共政策中应用行为科学成果以解决个体失灵问题。现代化治理必须充分认识人的行为并应用行为公共政策。“个体失灵”的解决启发我们在未来各个领域都治理都应该精细化,并采取“临床诊疗”的治理过程,提高治理水平。因此,我们呼吁建立“以人民为中心”的治理查勘式,实施精准化治理的4.0模式,创新治理理论和治理技术,推动各方力量同向发力,做到对症下药、有的放矢,实现国家治理的现代化。 The core concept of state governance modernization is the "people as the center", the ultimate goal of which is to promote human' s modernization, comprehensive development and well-being. Individual irrationality may cause "individual failure", leading to governance failure. To address individual failures, many scholars apply behavioral science in public policy, such as 2017 Nobel Prize in Economics winner Richard H. Thaler. We must fully understand the humans' behavior and employ behavioral public policy. What' s more, the way of solving "individual failure" inspires us that meticulous governance and "clinical treatment" in governance process should be adopted to improve the governance capacity. Therefore, we call for the establishment of meticulous governance ( version 4.0 ), which includes 4 main governance bodies : government, market, society and individuals. Governance theory and technology must be innovated to promote the 4 bodies to work together, to solve problems meticulously, so that we can finally achieve state governance modernization.
作者 胡鞍钢 杭承政 Hu Angang ,Hang Chengzheng(School of Public Policy & Management, Tsinghua University. Beijing 100084)
出处 《中国行政管理》 CSSCI 北大核心 2018年第1期13-17,共5页 Chinese Public Administration
基金 中宣部全国哲学社科规划办高端智库建设项目(编号:20155010298)
关键词 非理性 个体失灵 行为科学 治理现代化 精细化治理 irrationality, individual failure, behavioral science, governance modernization, meticulous governance
作者简介 胡鞍钢,清华大学公共管理学院教授;;杭承政,清华大学公共管理学院博士生,北京100084
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