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神经质在父母教养方式与中学生抑郁症状间的中介效应 被引量:2

Mediating effects of neurotic personality between parental rearing patterns and depressive symptom in middle-school students
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摘要 目的探讨神经质在父母教养方式与抑郁症状间的中介效应。方法采用多阶段抽样方法,使用艾森克个性问卷(EPQ)、父母教养方式评价量表(EMBU)、症状自评量表(SCL.90)对某城镇的982名中学生进行问卷调查,进行相关、回归分析,Bootstrap法检验中介效应,构建结构方程模型。结果①抑郁症状(D)[(1.73±0.72)分]与神经质(N)[(51.50±11.37)分]和父母教养方式呈显著相关(r=-0.138~0.582,P〈0.01);神经质、母亲拒绝否认(M3)、父亲情感温暖理解(F1)、父亲过度保护(F6)对抑郁症状有直接作用,可解释变异的41.6%;父亲情感温暖理解、父亲过度保护、母亲过分干涉过度保护(M2)、母亲拒认对神经质有直接作用,可解释变异的15.3%;②N在F1、F6、M2与D间的中介效应显著(95%CI=-0.212~-0.069,-0.351~-0.233,0.414~0.480);③M3、F1、M2、F6和N对D的解释度为41.3%;N在M2与D间存在完全中介作用,N在F1、F6与D间存在部分中介作用,中介效应占总效应的比例分别为43.6%和49.1%。结论神经质在父母教养方式与中学生抑郁症状间存在中介作用。 Objective To investigate the mediating effects of neurotic personality between parental rearing patterns and depressive symptom. Methods Using multistage sampling method, 982 town middle- school students were surveyed by the Symptom Checklist 90(SCL-90) ,the Egna Minnen av Barndoms Uppfostran (EMBU), the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire(EPQ) .Correlation and regression analysis, mediating effect test, and structural equation model were constructed. Results (1)Depressive symptom (D) (1.73±0.72) was significantly associated with Neurotic personality (N) (51.50±11.37) and parental rearing patterns (r=-0.138-0.582 ,P〈0.01 ).(2)N ,mother's rejection and deny( M3 ) ,father's emotional warmth and understanding (F1), father's over-protection(F6) had a direct effect on D, which can explain 41.6% of the variance. F1, F6,mother's over-interference and over-protection (M2), M3 had a direct effect on N, which can explain 15.3% of the variance. The mediating effect of N between F1 ,F6, M2 and D were significant(95%CI =-0.212--0.069,-0.351--0.233,0.414-0.480) .(3)The explanation for D was 41.3%.N had completely mediating effect between M2 and depressive symptom.N had partial mediating effect between F1, F6 and D, and the proportion was 43.6% and 49.1%. Conclusion Neurotic personality plays a mediating role between parental rearing patterns and depressive symptom in middle-school students.
作者 陈璐 张凤春 尹慧 张作明 陶雨春 徐晔 王丽敏 冯永清 Chen Lu, Zhang Fengchun, Yin Hui, Zhang Zuoming, Tao Yuchna, Xu Ye, Wang Limin , Feng Yongqing(Health Education Department, School of Public Health, Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150081, China; Chinese pediatric Department, Second Affiliated Hospital,Heilongfiang University Of Chinese Medicine, Harbin 150001, China; Psychiatry Department, First Affiliated Hospital, Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150007, China)
出处 《中华行为医学与脑科学杂志》 CSCD 北大核心 2018年第3期261-265,共5页 Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medical Science
基金 教育部人文社会科学研究项目(15YJAZH073)
关键词 中学生 父母教养方式 神经质 抑郁症状 中介作用 Middle-school student Parental rearing patterns Neurotic personality Depres sire symptom Mediation effect
作者简介 通信作者:王丽敏,Email:wanglimin2008@163.com
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