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医学本科生的成就动机与职业认同的关系研究

The relationship of achievement motivation and professional identity of medical undergraduate
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摘要 目的研究医学本科生职业认同的现状以及成就动机对其职业认同的影响。方法采用整群抽样,使用中文版职业认同量表和成就动机量表对5个年级878名在校医学本科生进行问卷调查。结果医学本科生的职业动机受到其自身的成就动机的影响,更高的成就动机评分与更高的职业认知、职业能力、职业情感、职业期望、职业价值观、职业承诺有关。且高成就动机组的医学本科生表现出更高的职业能力,职业情感和职业期望。结论医学本科生职业认同的建立过程受到成就动机的影响,教师在开展医学理论课程的同时应注意引导学生建立良好的成就动机。 Objective The professional identity of medical undergraduate and the relationship of achievement motivation and professional identity were investigated. Methods Eight hundred and seventy- eight undergraduates were recruited in this study. Surveys by the Chinese version of the occupational recognition scale and the achievement motivation scale were conducted. Results The data showed that achievement motivation of medical undergraduate could affect professional identity. There was positive relationship of the achievement motivation score with the scores of professional cognize, professional capacity, professional emotion, professional expectation, professional value and professional commitment. The students who in high score of achievement motivation group got higher score in professional capacity, professional emotion and professional expectation. Conclusions The process of establish professional identity of medical undergraduate will be affected by the achievement motivation, teachers should pay more attention to the process of establishing achievement motivation in teaching of medical undergraduate.
作者 李文 芦文丽 丁兰君 梁轩 王媛 Li Wen, Lu Wenli, Ding Lanjun, Liang Xuan, Wang Yuan Department of Nutrition and Food Science, School of Public Health, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300070, China; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300070, China )
出处 《中华医学教育杂志》 2018年第2期218-221,241共5页 Chinese Journal of Medical Education
基金 中华医学会医学教育分会和中国高等教育学会医学教育专业委员会2016年医学教育研究课题(2016B-BJ005)
关键词 医学本科生 成就动机 职业认同 Medical undergraduate Achievement motivation Professional identity
作者简介 通信作者:王媛,Email:wangyuan@tmu.edu.cn
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