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聚焦式心理护理对直肠癌造口术后化疗患者心境状态的作用 被引量:3

Effect of gathered psychological nursing care on psychological state in patients with rectal cancer on postoperative chemotherapy
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摘要 目的探讨聚焦式心理护理对直肠癌造口术后化疗患者心境状态的作用。方法选取2016年1月至2017年1月间哈尔滨医科大学附属肿瘤医院收治的60例直肠癌造口术后化疗患者,按照护理方式不同分为观察组和对照组,每组30例。观察组患者在常规护理基础上给予聚焦式心理护理,对照组患者给予常规护理,比较两组患者治疗前后焦虑和抑郁的评分情况。结果护理前,观察组患者焦虑自评量表(SAS)评分为(59.9±7.7)分,对照组患者为(59.3±7.4)分,组间比较,差异无统计学意义(P〉0.05)。护理后,观察组患者SAS评分为(47.2±3.5)分,明显低于对照组患者的(53.3±5.3)分,组间比较,差异有统计学意义(P〈0.05)。护理前,观察组患者抑郁自评量表(SDS)评分为(56.9±7.5)分,对照组患者为(56.3±7.2)分,组间比较,差异无统计学意义(P〉0.05)。护理后,观察组患者SDS评分为(46.2±3.7)分,明显低于对照组患者的(52.3±5.1)分,组间比较,差异有统计学意义(P〈0.05)。结论聚焦式心理护理能缓解直肠癌造口术后化疗患者焦虑、抑郁的不良情绪,改善他们的生活质量。 Objective To study the effect of gathered psychological nursing care on psychological state in patients with rectal cancer on postoperative chemotherapy. Methods Sixty patients with rectal cancer who received postoperative chemotherapy at Harbin Medical University Affiliated Cancer Hospital from January 2016 to January 2017. They werer divided into an observation group and a control group according to the different nursing strategies with 30 patients in each group. The observation group was given gathered psychological nursing care and the control group was given routine nursing. The anxiety and depression scores was compared between the two groups. Results The self-rating anxiety scale( SAS) score was( 59. 9 ± 7. 7) for the observation group and( 59. 3 ± 7. 4) for the control group before nursing( P 0. 05). After nursing,SAS score was( 47. 2 ± 3. 5) which was significantly lower than( 53. 3 ± 5. 3) of the control group( P 0. 05). Before nursing,the self-rating depression scale( SDS) score was( 56. 9 ± 7. 5)for the observation group and( 56. 3 ± 7. 2) for the control group( P〉 0. 05). After nursing,the SDS score was( 46. 2 ± 3. 7) for the observation group and( 52. 3 ± 5. 1) for the control group( P 〈0. 05).Conclusion The gathered psychological nursing care can alleviate the anxiety and depression and improve the psychological state in patients receiving chemotherapy after rectal cancer stoma.
作者 任俏 张晓燕 陆旭 高茜 REN Qiao1, ZHANG Xiao-yan1, LU Xu2, GAO Qian3 (1. Department of Medical Imaging, Beijing Cancer Hospital, Beijing 100142, China; 2. Department of Nursing; 3. Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Harbin Medical University Affiliated Cancer Hospital, Harbin 150066, China)
出处 《中国肿瘤临床与康复》 2018年第4期465-467,共3页 Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology and Rehabilitation
基金 国家自然科学基金青年基金(81501621)
关键词 聚焦式心理护理 直肠癌造口术后化疗 心境状态 Gathered psychological nursing care Rectal cancer stoma Postoperative chemotherapy Psychological state
作者简介 任俏,女,护师,主要从事影像科护理专业。
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