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2012-2015年四川省流动人口艾滋病哨点监测结果分析

Analysis of HIV Sentinel Surveillance Results Among the Floating Population in Sichuan Province From 2012 to 2015
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摘要 目的分析四川省流动人口艾滋病相关知识、高危行为,艾滋病病毒的感染现况,为艾滋病防治提供科学依据。方法按照《全国艾滋病哨点监测实施方案》,每年4~6月在监测点对流动人口开展问卷调查,并采集血液标本检测。结果2012-2015年分别监测1600、1602、1600和1601人;知晓率分别为80.2%、82.8%、94.8%和94.9%;最近1年发生过商业性性行为的比例分别为13.4%、15.8%、7.1%和5.9%;最近1年发生商业性性行为每次都使用安全套的比例分别为18.O%、15.8%、29.O%和40.5%;最近1年发生过临时性性行为的比例分别为4.1%、5.4%、2.O%和1.9%;最近1年发生临时性性行为每次都使用安全套的比例分别为15.0%、21.3%、25.0%和21.4%;HIV阳性检出率分别为0.0%、0.0%、0.2%和0.5%。Logistic结果提示,流动人口高危性行为发生与婚姻状况、本地居住时间、样本来源有关。结论流动人口艾滋病防治知识知晓率虽然较高,但是仍然存在有高危性行为、安全套使用率低等危险因素,需要继续加强对流动人口的宣传干预工作。 Objective To analyze AIDS related knowledge, risk behaviors and infection status of HIV, syphilis and HCV among the male floating population in Sichuan Province , and to provide evidence for developing an integrated control and prevention program. Methods According to the requirement of the Protocol for National Sentinel Surveillance of AIDS, face - to - face questionnaire surveys were conducted in migrant people from April to July each year, and blood samples were also collected and examined. Results From 2012 to 2015, 1 602, 1 600, 1 600 and 1 601 people were surveyed respectively. The awareness rates on AIDS related knowledge were 80. 2%, 82. 8%, 94. 8% and 94. 9%, respectively. The proportions commercial sex in the past year were 13.4%, 15.8% 7. 1% and 5.9% , respectively. of people having The proportions of people with consistent condom use while having commercial sex in past year were 18.0%, 15.8%, 29. 0% and 40. 5%, respectively. The proportions of people with casual sex in the past year were 4. 1%, 5.4%, 2. 0% and 1.9%, respectively. The proportions of people with consistent condom use while having casual sex in past year were 15.0%, 21.3%, 25.0% and 21.4%, respectively. The positive rates of HIV antibody were 0. 0%, 0. 0%, 0. 2% and 0. 5%, respectively. Logistic regression found a significant association between high -risk sexual behaviors, and marital status, local residence duration and sample source. Conclusion The knowledge awareness rate is increasing, but there are still some risk factors such as high - risk sexual behaviors and low rate of condom use. It is needed to strengthen the intervention and publicity of the floating population.
作者 罗映娟 赖文红 裴晓迪 梁莉 刘伦皓 胡莹 刘莉 LUO Yingjuan, LIU Li, LAI Wenhong, LIANG Li, LIU Luanhao, HU Ying, PEI Xiaodi( Sichuan Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan Province, China.)
出处 《预防医学情报杂志》 CAS 2018年第5期594-597,共4页 Journal of Preventive Medicine Information
关键词 流动人口 艾滋病 哨点监测 男性 高危行为 floating population AIDS sentinel surveillance male high risk behavior
作者简介 罗映娟,女,硕士,主管医师,艾滋病性病防治;通信作者:刘莉,Tel:028-85589215,E-mail:liulir@163.com
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