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中国环境标志企业的空间分布及影响机制 预览

Spatial Distribution and Its Effect Mechanism of Environmental Labeling Enterprises in China
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摘要 随着环境标志认证制度的推广,越来越多的企业申请环境标志认证,目前学界关于环境标志企业的研究主要集中在企业申请认证的驱动力和认证的利弊等方面,鲜有对认证企业的空间分布特征及其影响机制的研究。该文根据2005-2014年中国环境标志企业名录和统计年鉴数据,从经济地理学的角度建立影响环境标志企业空间分布的理论框架,然后分析环境标志企业在时空和行业上的分布特征,并运用面板数据回归模型方法,探究我国环境标志企业空间格局的外部影响机制。通过对模型结果分析,得出以下结论:1)近年来我国环境标志企业发展迅速,形成了东部地区以珠三角、长三角、京津冀为三大集聚核心,中部地区分布均匀,西部以成都、重庆为集聚核心的空间特征;2)影响本地企业申报环境标志认证的外部环境因素主要有本地环境管制、绿色采购等相关政策、科技创新环境和外资企业的集聚程度等;3)与ISO环境认证企业的认证动机明显不同的是,由于我国环境标志认证的推行受到政府绿色采购制度的大力支持,出口贸易对企业申请中国环境标志认证的影响并不大。 With the growing global environmental awareness,the environmental labeling certification system has been established in China.The certification system can help enterprises to realize cleaner production,protect the environment and get the support of customers and government,which encourages more and more enterprises to apply for the environmental labeling certification.In recent years,studies on environmental certification most focus on motivations and benefits of certified enterprises.However,little is known about characteristics of environmental labeling enterprises in China.Based on the existing research,the purpose of this research is to discuss the spatial distribution of China′s environmental labeling enterprises and its effect mechanism by using the panel data from 2005 to 2014.It is found that China′s environmental labeling enterprises have developed rapidly in last ten years,especially in the Pearl River Delta,the Yangtze River Delta and the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region.And there are more and more types of environmental labeling products.However,regional differences of certified enterprises are obvious,and there are just a few environmental labeling enterprises in western China.The results of the regression model indicate that the spatial distribution of environmental labeling enterprises is mainly affected by technology,environmental regulation,government procurement and FDI.In addition,the traditional factors,such as labor cost,transportation cost and agglomeration effect,also have certain influence on the distribution of certified enterprises.Furthermore,with the strong support of government procurement,the effect of international trade is not significant,which is very different from ISO14000 certified enterprises.The unique characteristics of environmental labeling enterprises in China have been found in the research.However,the research also have some limitations.Some data,such as the size of the companies and the number of employees,are often unavailable,and the internal factors would not be con
作者 沈静 杨子 卢少少 SHEN Jing 1,YANG Zi 1,LU Shao-shao 2(1.School of Geography and Planning,Sun Yat-Sen University,Guangzhou 510275;2.Guangzhou Urban Planning & Design Survey Research Institute,Guangzhou 510060,China)
出处 《地理与地理信息科学》 CSCD 北大核心 2018年第3期95-102,共8页 Geography and Geo-Information Science
基金 国家自然科学基金项目(41371138)
关键词 环境标志企业 空间分布 面板数据 影响机制 environmental labeling enterprises spatial distribution panel data effect mechanism
作者简介 沈静(1976-),女,副教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为经济地理学。E-mail:shenjing@mail.sysu.edu.cn
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