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甘蔗梢腐病研究现状与展望 预览

Current status and prospects of sugarcane pokkah boeng disease
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摘要 甘蔗梢腐病是近年来暴发的一种真菌性病害,几乎遍布全世界所有甘蔗种植国家及地区,对蔗糖产业造成了巨大损失,我国各甘蔗种植区也爆发了大规模梢腐病危害,对蔗茎产量和蔗糖分造成严重损失,对我国甘蔗生产和糖业可持续性发展构成严重威胁。目前,防治甘蔗梢腐病最经济有效的方法就是选育抗梢腐病的甘蔗新品种,而我国对于甘蔗梢腐病及其抗病育种的研究基础非常薄弱。综述了甘蔗梢腐病的发生与危害、病原菌、抗病机制的研究现状和进展,介绍了甘蔗梢腐病的抗性鉴定技术、综合防治和抗病育种的研究和应用现状,并对我国甘蔗梢腐病研究中存在的问题与今后的研究方向进行了探讨与展望。 Sugarcane pokkah boeng disease was a fungal disease outbreak in recent years,which had been recorded in almost all countries where sugarcane is grown commercially and causes serious damage to sugarcane industry all over the world. Sugarcane pokkah boeng disease became a serious threat to the sugarcane production and sugar development in China. At present,the breeding of surgarcane variety resistant to pokkah boeng is the best way to prevent sugarcane pokkah boeng disease. However,the broad range of research endeavors of sugarcane pokkah boeng disease and breeding of disease resistance is material weaknesses in China. Progress and current situation of sugarcane pokkah boeng about occurrence,harm,pathogen and resistance mechanism was summarized. Some useful techniques for resistance identification,integrated control and disease-resistance breeding were introduced. The current problems and new prospects of sugarcane pokkah boeng research were also discussed.
作者 郭强 马文清 唐利球 秦昌鲜 陈海生 GUO Qiang, MA Wen-qing, TANG Li-qiu, QIN Chang-xian, CHEN Hai-sheng ( South Asian Tropical Agricultural Science Research Institute of guangxi, Longzhou 532415, China )
出处 《广东农业科学》 CAS 2018年第6期78-83,共6页 Guangdong Agricultural Sciences
基金 广西科技攻关计划项目(桂科攻1598006-1-1E) 广西直属公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项(GXNYRKS201602) 国家甘蔗产业技术体系广西创新团队专项(nycytxgxcxtd-03-01-B1) 南宁市重点研发计划项目(20172127)
关键词 甘蔗梢腐病 镰刀菌 抗病机制 抗病育种 sugarcane pokkah boeng disease Fusarium resistance mechanism disease-resistance breeding
作者简介 郭强(1987-),男,硕士,农艺师,E-mail:570761004@qq.com;通讯作者:陈海生(1974-),男,高级农艺师,E-mail:gxnkchsh741129@163.com
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