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中国空气颗粒物污染改善背景下的人群健康收益研究进展 被引量:2

Advances in research on population health benefits under the background of air particulate pollution improvement in China
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摘要 随着经济快速发展,中国已成为空气颗粒物污染最严重的国家之一,全球疾病负担报告显示空气颗粒物对我国人民健康危害巨大, 我国政府曾在若干次重大活动期间,实施了严格的环境保护措施,获得了短期的空气颗粒物污染改善状况,并在2013 和2018 年分别发布了《大气污染防治行动计划》和《打赢蓝天保卫战三年行动计划》,以期明显改善我国空气质量,2017 年在《大气污染防治行动计划,的收尾阶段》全国74 个主要城市及京津冀、长三角、珠三角等主要地区空气颗粒物浓度显著下降,但相关健康影响研究正在起步阶段, 基于上述背景此文汇总了近期国内有关研究,就我国空气颗粒物污染短期和长期的改善背景下人群健康收益研究进展进行综述, With the rapid economic development, China has become one of the countries with the most serious airborne particulate pollution. The global disease burden report shows that airborne particulate matter is a great hazard to the health of our people. During a number of major events, the Chinese government implemented strict environmental protection measures and obtained short-term improvement. In 2013 and 2018, the Air Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan and the Blue Sky Defence Three Year Action Plan were released respectively,with a view to significantly improving China’ s air quality. In 2017, in the final stage of the Air Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan, the concentration of airborne particulate matter in 74 major cities and major areas such asBeijing ̄Tianjin ̄Hebei, Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta decreased significantly, but the related health impact research is stillin the beginning stage. Based on the above background, this paper summarizes recent domestic researches and reviews the research progress of population health benefits in the context of short-term and long-term improvement of airborne particulate pollution in China.
作者 于浩 冯利红 侯常春 曾强 YU Hao1, FENG Lihong1, HOU Changchun1, ZENG Qiang2(1. Institute of Environment and Health, Tianjin Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Tianjin 300011, China;2. Department of Occupational Disease Control and Prevention Control, Tianjin MunicipalCenter for Disease Control and Prevention, Tianjin 300011, China)
出处 《公共卫生与预防医学》 2018年第5期81-84,共4页 Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine
基金 国家自然科学基金面上项目(81872590) 天津市卫生行业重点攻关项目(16KG170)
关键词 空气颗粒物 空气质量改善 大气污染防治行动计划 健康收益 Atmospheric particulate matter Improved air quality Air Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan Health benefits
作者简介 于浩,博士,医师,主要研究方向:环境流行病学;通信作者:冯利红,主任医师,Email:fenglihong1965@163.com
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