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桉木水煮液对羊毛和蚕丝上染效果的研究

Effect of Eucalyptus Water Boiled Liquid on Dyeing of Wool and Silk Fabrics by
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摘要 桉木水煮液中含有的单宁可与羊毛和蚕丝织物中的蛋白质结合,文中采用直接染色法与同浴媒染法,将桉木水煮液作为染液对羊毛及蚕丝织物染色,探究了桉木水煮时间及金属媒染剂CuSO4对染色性能的影响,测试了染色后织物的颜色特征值、K/S值和染色牢度。结果表明,桉木水煮液最佳水煮时间为3h;同浴媒染染色时,羊毛和蚕丝织物CuSO4最佳用量分别为4%和2%;直接染色后羊毛、蚕丝织物具有较好的耐摩擦、耐皂洗、耐汗渍色牢度。但耐光色牢度较差;媒染染色可改变织物的色相,提高各项染色牢度,并显著提升织物的耐光色牢度。 The tannins contained in the eucalyptus water boiled liquid can be combined with the proteins in wool and silk fabrics. In this paper, using the direct dyeing method and the same bath mordant method to dye the wool and silk fabrics by the eucalyptus water boiled liquid. The effects of boiling time of eucalyptus and the amount of metal mordant CuSO4 on the dyeing performance were discussed. The color characteristic value, K/S value, and color fastness of dyed fabrics were also tested. The results show that the 3-hour boiled eucalyptus liquid can give better dyeing properties; when dyeing with one-bath mordant dying, the optimum dosage of CuSO4 in wool and silk fabric is 4% and 2% respectively; after direct dyeing, wool and silk fabrics have good resistance to rubbing, soaping and perspiration, but light fastness is poor and mordant dyeing can change the hue of the fabric, and improve each color fastness of the fabric significantly and the light fastness.
作者 何露茜 刘晓娜 刘春钰 孔璐璐 刘佳慧 伊松林 He Luxi, Liu Xiaona, Liu Chunyu, Kong Lulu, Liu Jiahui, Yi Songlin (Beijing Key Laboratory of Wood Science and Engineering, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China)
出处 《针织工业》 北大核心 2018年第11期73-77,共5页 Knitting Industries
基金 北京林业大学“市级大学生创新创业训练计划”(S201710022051).
关键词 桉木水煮液 羊毛 蚕丝 直接染色 同浴媒染染色 颜色特征值 K/S值 色牢度 Eucalyptus Water Boiled Liquid Wool Silk Direct Dyeing One-bath Mordant Dying Color Characteristic Value K/S Value Color Fastness
作者简介 何露茜(1997-),女,本科生。主要从事木材热加工的研究。;通讯作者:伊松林(1970-),男,教授,博士生导师。E-mail:ysonglin@bjfu.edu.cn。
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