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上海某医院护理人员职业性肌肉骨骼疾患睡眠质量和工作压力调查

Investigation of occupational musculoskeletal disorder, sleep quality and work pressure of nursing staff in a hospital in Shanghai
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摘要 目的调查分析护理人员职业性肌肉骨骼疾患现状,及其睡眠质量、工作压力的状况。方法采用判断抽样法,对上海交通大学医学院附属第九人民医院260名护理人员采用《职业性肌肉骨骼疾患标准调查表》、《匹兹堡睡眠质量量表》、《工作压力源量表》进行调查。结果 260名护理人员颈部、肩部、腰部WRMDs患病率依次为70.76%、68.85%、65.77%。颈部、肩部疼痛者与不疼痛者在PSQI总分、护理专业及技能、工作时间得分比较,差异有统计学意义(P〈0.05)。颈部、肩部疼痛者与不疼痛者在护理患者、工作环境、人际交往得分比较,差异无统计学意义(P〉0.05)。腰部疼痛者与不疼痛者在PSQI总分、护理专业及技能、工作时间、工作环境得分比较,差异有统计学意义(P〈0.05)。腰部疼痛者与不疼痛者在护理患者、人际交往得分比较,差异无统计学意义(P〉0.05)。结论护理人员是WRMDs高发群体,颈部、肩部、腰部疼痛者的睡眠质量差、工作压力大,应加强预防WRMDs发生,保障护理人员健康。 Objective To investigate and analyze the status of occupational musculoskeletal disorders, sleep quality and work stress of nursing staff. Methods Using the judgment sampling method, 260 nurses from the Ninth People's Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University Medical School were investigated using the occupational musculoskeletal disorders standard questionnaire, Pittsburgh sleep quality scale and work stress source scale. Results The prevalence rate of WRMDs in neck, shoulder and waist was 70.76%, 68.85% and 65.77% in 260 nurses. The PSQI total score, nursing major and skills, and working time score of patients with neck and shoulder pain were compared with those without pain, and the difference was statistically significant(P〈0.05). The scores of patients with neck and shoulder pain and non-pain patients in nursing, working environment and interpersonal communication were not statistically significant(P〉0.05). Compared the score of PSQI, nursing specialty and skills, working time and working environment between the patients with and without pain, the difference was statistically significant(P〈0.05). There was no statistically significant difference(P〉0.05)in the scores of nursing patients and interpersonal communication between patients with and without pain. Conclusions Nursing staff is a group with high prevalence of WRMDs. People with neck, shoulder and waist pain have poor sleep quality and great work pressure. Therefore,prevention of WRMDs should be strengthened to ensure the health of nursing staff.
作者 许佳明 郭凤莹 XU Jia-ming, GUO Feng-ying (The Ninth People's HospitalAffiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University Medical School, Shanghai 200090 China)
出处 《工业卫生与职业病》 CAS 2018年第6期432-434,共3页 Industrial Health and Occupational Diseases
关键词 职业性肌肉骨骼疾患 睡眠质量 工作压力 调查 Occupational musculoskeletal disorders Quality of sleep Work pressure Survey
作者简介 许佳明(1978-),女,主管护师。;[通讯作者]郭凤莹,E-mail:ly200920521@sina.com
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