目的了解社会心理因素对妇产科护理人员职业性肌肉骨骼疾患患病率的影响。方法采用整群抽样法,对青岛市12家三甲综合医院315名妇产科护理人员进行职业性肌肉骨骼疾患（work-related musculoskeletal disorders,WRMDs）及社会心理因素调查,Logistic回归进行多因素分析。结果妇产科护理人员WRMDs年患病率为71.75%,周患病率为29.83%。WRMDs患病率由高到低依次为腰、颈、肩、背、手腕、踝/足、膝、臀/大腿、肘。Logistic回归结果显示,自觉身体健康差（OR=2.087,P〈0.05）、工作繁重（OR=1.537,P〈0.05、工作疲劳感（OR=1.636,P〈0.05、消极工作情绪（OR=1.863,P〈0.05）是与WRMDs社会心理相关的危险因素。结论社会心理因素对妇产科护理人员WRMDs发生有一定的影响。
Objective To study the effect of social psychological factors on the prevalence of occupational musculoskeletal disorders in obstetrics and gynecology nurses. Methods 315 obstetrical and gynecological nurses in 12 firstclass comprehensive hospitals in Qingdao city were investigated for occupational WRMDs and social psychological factors, and Logistic regression was performed for multivariate analysis. Results The annual prevalence rate of WRMDs in obstetrics and gynecology nurses was 71.75%, and the weekly prevalence rate was 29.83%. The prevalence of WRMDs ranged from high to low： waist, neck, shoulder, back, wrist, ankle/foot, knee, hip/thigh, elbow. Logistic regression results showed that conscious poor physical health（OR=2.087,P〈0.05）, heavy work（OR=1.537,P〈0.05）, work fatigue（OR=1.636,P〈0.05, negative work emotion（OR=1.863, P〈0.05） were risk factors related to WRMDs social psychology. Conclusions Social psychological factors have certain influence on the occurrence of WRMDs in obstetrics and gynecology nurses.
Industrial Health and Occupational Diseases
Gynecology and obstetrics
Occupational musculoskeletal disorders
Social psychological factors