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非洲猪瘟病毒特点及扬州大学对其研究简介 预览

Brief introduction to African swine fever virus and its research at Yangzhou University
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摘要 非洲猪瘟是目前威胁世界养猪业最危险的传染病,强毒感染猪致死率高达100%。该病在沙哈拉以南28个非洲国家呈地方性流行,2007年传入格鲁吉亚后很快传播到10多个临国,目前在高加索地区和俄罗斯广泛流行,我国沈阳也有首例报道。非洲猪瘟病毒具有许多独特特点,目前无安全有效的疫苗,一旦发生必须实行严格的隔离封锁、猪群销毁和感染场地消毒,对社会、经济造成巨大的影响,因此快速、准确诊断十分重要。扬州大学孙怀昌教授带领的团队对非洲猪瘟分子诊断进行了深入研究,为我国非洲猪瘟防控提供了系统的技术与试剂储备。 African swine fever is currently the most dangerous disease affecting the pig industry worldwide with up to100% mortality for highly virulent virus infection.The disease is endemic in 28 sub-Saharan African countries and spread first to Georgia in 2007.Currently,the disease is prevalent in Caucasus region,Russian Federation and some eastern European counties.More importantly,the first outbreak of the disease has been reported in Shenyang Province,posing a great thread to national pig industry.Since no vaccine is available,the implementation of strict sanitary measures is the only choice for disease control,and thus quick and accurate diagnosis is extremely important.Since his PhD study at the Institute for Animal Health,UK,Prof Huaichang Sun at the Yangzhou University has being involved in research on African swine fever.Under the support by national key research programs,his research team has systematically studied molecular diagnosis of African swine fever,providing important technique and reagent reservation for the disease prevention and control.
作者 孙怀昌 张鑫宇 张泉 SUN Huaichang, ZHANG Xinyu, ZHANG Quan (Jiangsu co-Innovation Center for Preuention and Control of Important Animal Diseases and College of Veterinary Medicine, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China)
出处 《扬州大学学报:农业与生命科学版》 北大核心 2018年第3期50-51,共2页 Journal of Yangzhou University:Agricultural and Life Science Edition
基金 国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFD0502303、2017YFD0501805) 国家高技术研究发展计划项目(863-2007AA10Z419) 国家公益性行业(农业)科研专项(200903037) 江苏高校优势学科建设工程项目(PAPD)
关键词 非洲猪瘟 病毒特点 研究概况 African swine fever virus characteristics research overview
作者简介 孙怀昌(1956-),男,江苏涟水人,扬州大学教授、博导,主要从事兽医微生物学与免疫学研究。E-mail:sunh@yzu.edu.cn
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