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智能合约与私法体系契合问题研究 预览

On the Conformity of Smart Contract to the Private Law System
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摘要 智能合约的产生、发展有其强大的制度经济学、网络经济价值的动因背景,而不只是昙花一现的代码程序应用,其创造了去中心化的新一代信任模式,重塑了传统交易习惯,抑制了技术应用的负外部性,但这些技术变革及产品应用给私法体系带来了挑战。通过对智能合约的技术解构和法律要点的分析发现,虽然其技术外观上显现自动执行、不可篡改等特点,但法律功能的内在要求上能够涵摄于现有的私法体系的调整范围。为了应对智能合约发展过程中存在的问题和障碍,需要从智能合约的技术与法律的解构、私法应对规则、风险规制、技术迭代的四个维度进行体系化的梳理和回应,以期能够从该问题的再解释中寻找到未来发展的突破口。 The emergence and development of Smart contracts has its powerful background of institutional economics and network economic value, rather than just a flash in the pan code program application. It has created a new generation of decentralized trust model, remolded the traditional trading habits, and restrained the negative externalities of technology application, but these technological changes and product applications have brought challenges to the private law system. Through the analysis of the technical deconstruction and legal points of Smart contracts,it is found that although the technical appearance of Smart contracts is characterized by automatic execution and non-tampering, the inherent requirements of legal functions can be included in the adjustment scope of the existing private law system. In order to deal with the problems and obstacles in the development of smart contracts, it is necessary to systematically sort out and respond to the four dimensions of technical and legal deconstruction of smart contracts;private law response rules;regulatory path methods;and technical iterations, in order to be able to find a breakthrough in future development.
作者 蔡一博 Cai Yibo(不详)
出处 《东方法学》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第2期68-81,共14页 Oriental Law
基金 2018年度国家重点研发计划项目“热点案件和民生案件审判智能辅助技术研究”(项目批准号:2018YFC0831900) 2018年度国家社科基金重大项目“大数据时代个人数据保护与数据权利体系研究”(项目批准号:18ZDA145)的阶段性研究成果.
关键词 区块链 智能合约 私法挑战 技术治理 blockchain smart contracts private law challenge technology management
作者简介 蔡一博蔡一博,华东政法大学研究生教育院博士研究生,上海市高级人民法院研究室干部。
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