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回归后香港城市发展的尺度重组:以广深港高速铁路香港段项目的规划过程为例

State rescaling of the urban development in Hong Kong after the reunification:A case study of the planning process of the Hong Kong section of the Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link
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摘要 全球化时代城市问题越来越多的以尺度问题的形式出现,尺度理论为分析城市发展背后的各种动力及其影响提供了新的视角。回归后,特区政府如何与位于不同尺度上的地域组织相互作用,进行尺度重组,是探究香港城市发展与管治的关键问题。本文考察广深港高速铁路香港段从项目构想、方案设计,到咨询及申请拨款的全过程,识别这个过程所涉及的不同尺度的作用者,分析他们的作用方式及作用结果。研究表明,回归后,特区政府主动向上尺度重组以拓展香港发展的腹地,政府间的制度性合作是其尺度重组的重要方式。同时,香港逐渐成长的市民社会是参与城市发展尺度重组的重要力量,地方行动者运用尺度政治从多个尺度建构话语和采取行动,对特区政府的方案进行抗议并引发整个社会的讨论。对香港的案例分析可加深对体制转型背景下地域组织尺度重组的认识,丰富尺度重组的理论内涵;也有助于国家客观地了解香港,为制定合理的政策提供科学依据。此外,内地市民社会逐步萌芽成长,案例中特区政府与香港市民社会互动的经验与教训可为内地政府提供借鉴。 In the era of globalization, the urban question is increasingly being posed in the form of a scale question. Scale theory provides a new perspective for analyzing various dynamics and their influences on urban development. After the reunification, how the government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region(SAR) interacts with the actors at various scales and carries out state rescaling are the key to exploring the issue of urban development and governance in Hong Kong. This paper examines the entire planning process of the Hong Kong Section of the Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link, from project conception,design, to consultation and fund application, to identify the actors at different scales involved in the process, and analyze the modes and consequences of their interaction. This study shows that after the reunification, Hong Kong SAR Government takes the initiative to scale up to expand its hinterland. Intergovernmental institutional cooperation is an important mode of state rescaling for Hong Kong SAR government. Meanwhile, the gradually growing civil society plays an important role in the rescaling of urban development. Local actors use scalar politics to construct discourses and take actions at multiple scales to challenge the government’s proposal and trigger a discussion on the project throughout the Hong Kong society. The case study of Hong Kong can deepen the understanding of state rescaling of territorial organizations in the context of institutional transformation and enrich the theoretical connotation of state rescaling. It also helps the central government to better understand the case of Hong Kong and formulate appropriate policies towards it. In addition, as the civil society has gradually emerged in the mainland, the experience and lessons from the interaction between the Hong Kong SAR government and the Hong Kong civil society in this case provide a reference for the central government.
作者 许志桦 刘开智 XU Zhihua;LIU Kaizhi(Advanced Institute for Contemporary China Studies,Hong Kong Baptist University,Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 999077,China)
出处 《地理学报》 EI CSSCI CSCD 北大核心 2019年第2期253-265,共13页 Acta Geographica Sinica
基金 国家自然科学基金项目(41671169).
关键词 香港 尺度重组 尺度政治 广深港高铁香港段 城市管治 Hong Kong state rescaling scalar politics Hong Kong Section of the Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link urban governance
作者简介 许志桦(1975-),女,湖北荆州人,博士,副研究员,主要从事城市与区域发展、产业集群、外商直接投资、以及港澳地区与中国内地的合作与互动等领域研究。E-mail:xzhua100@hkbu.edu.hk。
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