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农地确权中政府目标与乡土惯习的冲突与调适 预览 被引量:1

National regulation and rural habitus in the confirmation of farmland right: Set A village in Jiangxi province as an example
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摘要 新一轮农地确权的政府目标是为了实现对农地的简单标准化管理,强化对农地的产权规制,推动对农地的流转和规模经营,但却与乡村长期存在的乡土惯习产生了冲突。这些乡土惯习主要体现在土地分配方式复杂模糊、土地关系注重乡土礼俗、土地经营关注家庭生计三方面。鉴于当前自上而下推行的农地确权使村集体失去了对土地的处置权利,带有强制性的行政手段忽略了地方差异和村民需求,政府应由农地确权的管理者变为服务者,依照相关法律法规,只确定农村集体土地所有权的边界,让农地确权成为村庄内部集体决策的结果,允许区域差异性的存在,实现政府目标和乡土惯习在权力层面的衔接,创造现代和传统的互动空间。 According to literature research and field research,this article mainly discusses a conflict between nationalregulation and rural habitus in the confirmation of farmland right.Then,there is a discussion about how to adjust thecontradiction between modern and traditional.State would like to achieve standardized management of farmland,tostrengthen institutionalization of rural property,and to promote the capitalization in rural area through the confirmation offarmland right.But there are three different characteristics in rural habitus.The land allocation is complex and obscure.The land relations pay more attention to the local etiquette and custom.The farming care about family livelihood.Now,national regulation is in a strong position.It squeezes out the rural habitus.I suppose government should shift the role andparadigm of public management.Land system should be a result of collective decision-making.We should admit theexistence of differences between different rural areas.So,national regulation will link up with rural habitus in differentpower lever.And there will be a interactive space containing modern and traditional.
作者 田甜 李博 左停* TIAN Tian;LI Bo;ZUO Ting;College of Humanities and Development Studies, China Agricultural University;
出处 《湖南农业大学学报:社会科学版》 CSSCI 2017年第1期42-48,共7页 Journal of Hunan Agricultural University(Social Science)
基金 国际土地联盟(ILC)项目(112129034048)
关键词 农地确权 政府目标 乡土惯习 集体所有 the confirmation of farmland right national regulation rural habitus collective ownership
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