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西瓜新品种金凯龙的选育 预览

A New Watermelon F1Hybrid-‘Jinkailong’
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摘要 金凯龙是以2个高代自交系ZGL-25-1和FW23-Ⅲ-4分别为母本和父本杂交选育而成的西瓜一代杂种。中晚熟品种,全生育期105d(天),果实发育期35d(天)。果实椭圆形,果皮浅绿色底覆盖墨绿色锯齿状条带,皮厚1.2cm,耐贮运;果肉红色,肉质酥脆,中心折光糖含量11.9%,中边糖梯度小。单瓜质量4.5~7.5kg,旱砂地栽培每667m2产量约3400kg,水浇地每667m2产量约4500kg。田间对枯萎病的抗性强于对照西农8号,适合甘肃及同类生态区露地栽培。 ‘Jinkailong’is a watermelon F1hybrid bred by crossing inbred lines‘ZGL-25-1’as female parent and‘FW23-Ⅲ-4’as male parent.It is of mid-late maturity.Its whole growing period is105days,and the fruit development period is35days.Its fruit is of oval shape.The fruit pericarp is light green in color with dark green zigzag stripes.Its peel is1.2cm in thickness.It is tolerant to storage and transportation.Its flesh is red in color,and the fruit is crispy with sweet flavor and good quality.The central sugar content is11.9%,and sugar gradient in brim area is small.The single fruit weight is4.5-7.5kg.Its yields in dry land and irrigated land are about51.0,67.5t·hm-2respectively.In fields its resistance to Fusarium wilt is stronger than that of the contrast‘Xinong No.8’.It is suitable for cultivation in Gansu Province and areas with same ecological conditions in open fields.
作者 张延河 赵连德 段金辉 翟英临 ZHANG Yan-he;ZHAO Lian-de;DUAN Jin-hui;ZHAI Ying-lin;Lanzhou City Agro-technical Research and Popularization Center of Gansu Province;
出处 《中国蔬菜》 北大核心 2017年第6期74-76,共3页 China Vegetables
基金 甘肃省农业科学院农业科技创新专项(2012GAAS05-06)
关键词 西瓜 金凯龙 一代杂种 Watermelon ‘Jinkailong’ F1 hybrid
作者简介 张延河,男,高级农艺师,专业方向:瓜类育种与栽培,电话:0931-8583326,E-mail:1627075607@qq.com;通讯作者(Corresponding author):赵连德,男,农艺师,专业方向:瓜类育种与栽培,E-mail:852792039@qq.com
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