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重庆市南川区2016年院前急救患者流行病学分析 预览

Epidemiological analysis of prehospital emergency in Nanchuan District of Chongqing in 2016
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摘要 目的 分析2016年重庆市南川区院前急救流行病学的特点。方法 采用回顾性资料收集的方法,对2016年度重庆南川区急诊120调度指挥中心所受理的患者进行性别、年龄、疾病谱、出警高峰、院间转诊等指标的描述性分析。结果 重庆南川区120急救中心全年共计接警4 559人次,有效接警3 659人次,无效接警957人次(20.99%);接警患者年龄段主要集中在30~69岁,男女比例为1.49∶1.00;出警高峰时间段在9:00-9:59;疾病谱中前3名为交通伤、非交通伤的其他创伤、脑血管疾病;神经系统疾病、心血管系统疾病和呼吸系统疾病与出警时间有相关性;院间转诊一级医院为29.42%,南川、重庆双向转诊分别为25.91%、19.94%。结论 根据本地区院前急救流行病学分布规律合理调配急救资源,充分发挥院前急救功能,提高院前急救水平。 Objective To analyze the characteristic of epidemiology of the prehospital care in Nanchuan District of Chongqing in 2016.Methods Retrospectively analyzed the data selected from the prehospital care in Nanchuan District of Chongqing,including gender,age,spectrum of disease,the peak of calling,inter hospital referral by ambulance.Results The total calling times of"120"emergency center in Nanchuan District of Chongqing were 4 559,the effective calling times were 3 659,and the ineffective calling times were 957(20.99%).The age arranged from 30 to 69 years old,the ratio of male to female was 1.49∶1.00.The peak time was from 9:00 to 9:59;the top three in the disease spectrums were the traffic injuries,the other injuries of non-traffic injury and the cerebrovascular diseases.The nervous system diseases,the cardiovascular diseases and the respiratory diseases were related to the working time.The first-level hospital referral rate was 29.42%,and the two-way referral rates were 25.91%and 19.94%respectively.Conclusion According to the distribution pattern of prehospital emergency epidemiology,the emergency resources need to be rationally allocated,and the prehospital emergency function will be fully utilized to improve the abilities of pre-hospital emergency.
作者 孟雅洁 李仁冬 李良陈 杨学伟 MENG Yajie;LI Rendong;LI Liangchen;YANG Xuewei(Department of Emergency,the People′s Hospital of Nanchuan/Branch Center of Nanchuan,Chongqing Emergency Center,Chongqing 408400,China)
出处 《重庆医学》 2018年第32期4174-4176,共3页 Chongqing Medical Journal
关键词 急救医疗服务 流行病学 回顾性研究 emergency medical services epidemiology retrospective studies
作者简介 孟雅洁(1990-),住院医师,硕士研究生,主要从事危重症相关研究;杨学伟,通信作者,E-mail:17690068@qq.com。
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