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从全球视角看中国城市格局、层级与类型——基于全球城市竞争力数据的研究 预览 被引量:2

Analysis of China's Urban Landscape,Hierarchy and Type from a Global Perspective:Based on the Study of Global Urban Competitiveness Data
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摘要 运用聚类分析方法,从城市经济竞争力和城市功能角度对全球1007个城市的层级、类型与格局进行计量分析,在此基础上对中国292个城市进行研究。研究发现:中国城市发展水平略高于世界城市发展平均水平;城市竞争力水平区域差异显著,呈现东部强于西部、南部优于北部、沿海胜于内陆的整体格局;层级聚类分析结果表明:中国城市在世界城市之林占有一席之地,城市层级结构显著,各层级内部差异明显且越来越大;类型聚类分析结果表明:中国城市虽缺乏世界顶级中心城市,但香港、上海、北京跻身世界次级中心城市,广州、台北跻身传统区域中心城市,深圳跻身科技中心城市。 This paper uses the cluster analysis method to measure the level,type and pattern of the1007cities in the world from the perspective of urban economic competitiveness and urban function.Based on this,it studies292cities in China.The study found that:China's urban development level is slightly higher than the average level of urban development in the world.China's first tier cities and Hong Kong's economic competitiveness are in the leading position in the country,and the southeast region occupies half of the top ten cities;China's urban competitiveness levels have significant regional differences,showing that the eastern region is stronger than the western region.The southern region is better than the north and the coastal area is better than the inland overall structure.The hierarchical clustering analysis shows that China's top cities have a place in the forests of the world's cities.China's urban hierarchical structure is significant,and differences within and among levels are evident and growing.The results of type cluster analysis indicate that the cities in China currently lack the world's top center cities,but China's first tier cities,Hong Kong,and Taipei rank among the top cities in the world.
作者 王海波 倪鹏飞 龚维进 徐海东 WANG Haibo;NI Pengfei;GONG Weijin;XU Haidong(National Academy of Economic Strategy, CASS, Beijing 100028, China;Graduate School of CASS, Beijing 102488, China)
出处 《北京工业大学学报:社会科学版》 CSSCI 2019年第1期60-68,共9页 Journal of Beijing Polytechnic University(Social Sciences Edition)
基金 国家自然科学基金面上项目资助(71774170).
关键词 城市竞争力 全球城市体系 城市层级 城市格局 城市类型 China's urban competitiveness global urban system urban hierarchy urban pattern urban type
作者简介 王海波(1987—), 男, 河北保定人, 中国社会科学院财经战略研究院博士后
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