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荷兰世界一流大学学科发展布局与特征研究——基于13所荷兰高校的案例研究 预览

The Layout of Discipline Development and Characteristics of the World’s Top Universities in the Netherlands: A Case Study on 13 Dutch World’s Top Universities
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摘要 世界一流大学的重要标志就是拥有若干个世界一流学科,一流学科建设往往又离不开科学合理的学科布局和学科发展模式。以荷兰13所世界一流大学为研究对象,分别从学科规模和布局、学科建设水平与学科发展模式等方面出发,剖析荷兰世界一流大学的学科发展特征,研究表明,荷兰世界一流大学的学科建设主要有四个方面的特征:一是突破现有学科边界,重视学科的交叉融合;二是强调学科的实践价值,服务国家和地区战略发展需求;三是着力加强产学研结合,科技创新能力突出;四是重视国际化发展战略,国际化水平很高。通过对荷兰世界一流大学学科建设的分析,得出对我国世界一流大学学科建设的三点启示:一是建设世界一流大学应根据自身的学科发展条件和特点布局学科建设,不能片面追求大而全;二是世界一流大学的学科建设要考虑历史继承性,不能盲目地追赶潮流;三是服务国家战略需求和人类文明的进步发展是世界一流大学学科建设的重要战略。 One significant symbol of the world’s top universities is the possession of a number of world-class disciplines, which demands scientific and rational disciplinary layout and discipline development model. Taking the 13 world’s top universities in the Netherlands as the subjects, this paper analyzes the characteristics of disciplinary development of these universities, The study finds the following four distinctive features, including the disciplinary size and layout, discipline construction level, and disciplinary development model. Firstly, discipline construction breaks through the existing discipline boundaries and attaches importance to the integration of different disciplines. Secondly, discipline construction emphasizes the practical value of the disciplines and serves the strategic development needs of the country and the region. Thirdly, discipline construction calls for emphasis on the combination of production, study and research, and the outstanding ability of scientific and technological innovation. Fourthly, discipline construction attaches importance to the international development strategy and high level of internationalization. Through the analysis of the discipline construction of world’s top universities in the Netherlands, we can draw three implications for the construction of world’s top universities in China. First, the construction of world’s top universities should be based on the conditions and characteristics of their own disciplines. Secondly, historical inheritance should be taken into consideration in the discipline construction instead of blind catching up with the trend. Thirdly, the significant strategy for the discipline construction in world’s top universities is to serve the country’s strategic needs and the progress of human civilization.
作者 孙长智 阮蓁蓁 SUN Chang-zhi;RUAN Zhen-zhen(School of Public Administration, Jilin University of Finance and Economics, Changchun 130117, China;Department of Development and Planning, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China)
出处 《南通大学学报:社会科学版》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第1期131-140,共10页 Journal of Nantong University:Social Sciences Edition
关键词 荷兰 世界一流大学 学科建设 the Netherlands world’s top university discipline construction
作者简介 孙长智(1965-),男,吉林伊通人,吉林财经大学公共管理学院研究员,哲学博士;阮蓁蓁(1981-),女,安徽池州人,吉林大学发展规划处副研究员,管理学博士。
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