期刊文献+

美国经济增长的前景

The Future of Economic Growth in the United States
收藏 分享 导出
摘要 本文首先展示了美国经济增长率超过其他工业国家的程度。官方测量的经济增长率低估了实际收入的真实增长,原因有二:货币收入的基本衡量标准忽略了附加福利以及税收和转移支付的影响,官方测量的实际产出增长也未能反映质量变化和产品创新的影响。官方测量的美国经济增速在未来几年可能下降,其主要原因在于财政赤字和国家债务的增长。征税会抑制产出,收入的增加可以不通过征税来实现。社会保障福利成本的上升是赤字和债务增加的主要原因,本文对其成因和可以采取的措施进行了讨论。 This paper begins by showing the extent to which the U.S. growth rate has exceeded growth in other industrial countries. The official measure of the rate of economic growth understates the true rise in real income for two reasons. The basic measure of money income ignores fringe benefits and the impact of taxes and transfers. The official measure of real output growth also fails to capture the contribution of quality change and of new products. The primary reason why the pace of U.S. growth as officially measured is likely to decline in the next few years is the growth of the fiscal deficit and the national debt. Revenue could be raised without taxing households and businesses in ways that discourage output. The rising cost of the Social Security benefits is a major part of the increase in deficits and debt. The paper discusses the reason for that cost increase and what could be done to slow it in the future.
出处 《金融市场研究》 2019年第1期69-78,共10页 Financial Market Research
关键词 经济增长 财政赤字 国家债务 社会保障 Economic growth fiscal deficit national debt social security
作者简介 马丁·费尔德斯坦(Martin Feldstein)系哈佛大学经济学教授。
  • 相关文献
投稿分析

相关作者

内容加载中请稍等...

相关机构

内容加载中请稍等...

相关主题

内容加载中请稍等...

浏览历史

内容加载中请稍等...
;
使用帮助 返回顶部 意见反馈