Diabetes mellitus (DM) is marked as global health care challenge with almost 10% of the United States population being diagnosed with DM. A sizeable percentage of patients are oblivious of their disease, in spite of easily accessibility knowledge about its early signs and symptoms and rapid diagnostic modalities. Critically ill patients with undiagnosed DM are likely to have an increased mortality as compared to intensive care unit (ICU) patients with diagnosed DM. DM may have adverse effect on ICU patients causing organ failure and complications. Early Screening of patients at the risk of developing disease may prevent long term complications. Early screening and management may be beneficial as controlled DM patients have similar morbidity as non DM patients in ICU. An intense glycaemic and blood pressure control improves retinopathy and albuminuria, but may not affect the macrovascular outcomes.
Corresponding author: Salim Surani, BSc, FACC, FACP, FCCP, MD, Adjunct Professor, Health Science Center, Texas A and M University, 701 Ayers Street, Corpus Christi, TX 78404, United States. firstname.lastname@example.org Telephone:+1-361-8857722 Fax:+1-361-8507563.