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诉讼中的第三方资助协议研究:域外经验与中国选择 预览

Research on the Third-party Funding Agreement in Litigation: Extraterritorial Experience and China's Choice
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摘要 第三方资助指民事诉讼或商事仲裁程序中非争议当事方为当事方提供无追索权资助以覆盖被资助的当事人的费用,同时分享被资助方胜诉后的经济利益的一种安排。第三方资助的实践和研究在国内逐渐兴起,学界却普遍忽视了对第三方资助协议本身的分析,特别是程序控制条款的法律效力这一在西方国家存在着激烈争论的问题。根据对于第三方资助协议的态度,现有国家和地区可以划分为开放型、折中型和闭塞型三类,其中折中型是主流。中国司法和立法或可选择折中型立场,但是从民事诉讼处分原则和诉讼权利的私法可交易性来看,开放型立场亦无不可。 Third-party funding refers to an arrangement whereby a non-contentious party in a civil litigation or commercial arbitrationg provides a non-recourse grant to cover the expenses of the sponsored party while sharing the economic benefits of the sponsored party after winning the case.The practice and research of the third-party funding are gradually rising in China,but the academic circle generally ignores the analysis of the third party funding agreement itself,especially the validity of the procedural control clause,which is a controversial issue in western countries.According to the attitude towards third-party funding agreements,the existing countries and regions can be divided into three types: open,compromise and blocking,of which the compromise is the mainstream.China's judiciary and legislation may choose a compromise position,but from the point of view of the principle of disposition in civil proceedings and the tradability of litigation rights,an open position is feasible.
作者 吴维锭 WU Wei-ding(Law School,Peking University,Beijing 100871,China)
机构地区 北京大学法学院
出处 《时代法学》 2019年第2期101-111,共11页 Presentday Law Science
关键词 第三方资助 程序控制条款 处分原则 诉讼权利 私法面向 third-party funding control clauses principle of disposition litigation rights private-oriented
作者简介 吴维锭,男,北京大学法学院研究生,主要研究方向:国际商法。
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