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团头鲂nanos3基因的克隆鉴定 预览

MOLECULAR CLONING AND IDENTIFICATION OF NANOS3 IN BLUNTSNOUT BREAM (MEGALOBRAMA AMBLYCEPHALA)
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摘要 为了标记团头鲂(Megalobrama amblycephala)的原始生殖细胞(Primordial Germ Cells, PGCs),首次克隆并鉴定了团头鲂nanos3基因(mananos3)。mananos3全长1027 bp,包括48 bp 5′UTR (5′untranslated Region),490 bp 3′UTR和489 bp开放阅读框(Open Reading Frame, ORF)。该基因编码162个氨基酸。通过序列比对发现Mananos3蛋白和其他物种Nanos蛋白一样,存在一个保守的RNA结合功能域,该功能域包含一个锌指基序(Motif)。系统发育树结果显示, Mananos3与鲤(Cyprinus carpio)的Nanos3最为相近。半定量和定量PCR结果表明, mananos3具有较高的母源表达,并在胚胎发育早期高量表达,而在1000细胞期之后表达量逐渐降低。在成体组织中, mananos3仅在卵巢中检测到表达。mananos3和斑马鱼(Danio rerio) nanos3 (zfnanos3)的3′UTR均可以介导绿色荧光蛋白特异标记团头鲂和斑马鱼胚胎发育早期的PGCs,但是mananos3的3′UTR能够更特异地标记团头鲂的PGCs。通过比对mananos3和zfnanos3的3′UTR发现, mananos3 的3′UTR中有一个非经典的miR430识别位点(GCACTA)。通过对该位点的突变研究证实其有利于nanos3在非PGCs组织中的降解。综上所述,团头鲂mananos3的3′UTR序列中的非经典miR430识别位点(GCACTA)可能与介导报告基因在PGCs中特异表达相关。 Nanos3 is one of the components of germ plasm which is generally considered to be the determinant of primordial germ cells (PGCs) in most of the ovipara. The miR430 bind to the 3′untranslated region (UTR) of nanos3 to mediate the degradation of its mRNA in somatic cells, while in PGCs, the Dnd1 binds to the 3′UTR region of nanos3 to protect it from degradation through miR430. Therefore, the 3′UTR of nanos3 was generally used to mediate the speci- fic expression of fluorescent protein in PGCs. In this study, we cloned and characterized the cDNA of the nanos3 homolog in Megalobrama amblycephala (mananos3). Mananos3 is of 1027 bp length including 48 bp 5′UTR, 490 bp 3′UTR and 489 bp opening reading frame. It encodes a peptide with 162aa. By peptide alignment, there was a conserved RNA binding domain with one zinc finger motif. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that Mananos3 has the highest similarity with its homolog in common carp. Semi-quantitative and Real-time qPCR showed that nananos3 was highly maternally expressed. During early embryonic stage, it was high expressed before 1k-cell stage and then gradually de- creased. Mananos3 was specifically expressed in ovary among different selected tissues. Both 3′UTR of mananos3 and zebrafish nanos3 (zfnanos3) can mediate the specific expression of green fluorescent protein (EGFP) in PGCs while it appeared that 3′UTR of mananos3 has higher efficiency and specificity. Finally, the alignment of the 3′UTR of mananos3 and zfnanos3 revealed a potential non-classical recognition site (GCACTA) for miR430 that promotes the degradation of mRNA in non-PGCs tissues.
作者 朱林 王厚鹏 朱作言 孙永华 叶鼎 ZHU Lin;WANG Hou-Peng;ZHU Zuo-Yan;SUN Yong-Hua;YE Ding(State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072, China;School of Advanced Agricultural Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072, China)
出处 《水生生物学报》 CAS CSCD 北大核心 2019年第3期457-464,共8页 Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica
基金 中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(A)(XDA08010106) 国家自然科学基金(31671501)资助.
关键词 Nanos3 团头鲂 原始生殖细胞 斑马鱼 Nanos3 Blunt snout bream Primordial germ cells Zebrafish
作者简介 朱林(1990-),男,山东潍坊人;硕士研究生;主要从事鱼类发育和生物技术研究。E-mail: zhulin2009ouc@163.com;通信作者:叶鼎,副研究员;E-mail: yeding@ihb.ac.cn.
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