Objective To investigate the effect of extended care on very low birth weight infant (VLBWI) using WeChat platform. Methods A total of 100 patients with VLBWI who met our inclusion criteria were enrolled. According to the rejection criteria and the number of people lost to follow-up, 42 patients in the experimental group and 35 patients in the control group were included. The control group was discharged from the hospital in accordance with the routine health care, and monthly telephone follow-up. The experimental group was given health education at the time of discharge, and the WeChat platform was used for extended care after discharge. The weight gains of the three-month-old, 6-month-old, and 12-month-old children, the rate of rehospitalization and the re-hospitalization, and the satisfaction of the parents with the nursing staff were observed. Results The body weight of the experimental group at 3 months, 6 months and 12 months was higher than that of the control group,the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The re-hospitalization rate of the experimental group was lower than that of the control group (47.62% vs 74.29%),the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The re-hospitalization status included respiratory infection, intestinal infection, skin infection and malnutrition. Parents in the experimental group were more satisfied with the nursing staff than the control group (97.62% vs 94.29%),the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion The use of WeChat platform for extended care of VLBWI can improve parents' related nursing knowledge, increase participation enthusiasm, enable VLBWI to obtain effective nursing, at the same time, it also saves the manpower and time of the nursing staff and has certain feasibility.
Very low birth weight infant