Objective: To study the effects of electroacupuncture(EA) in chronic constrictive injury(CCI) rat model and the expression of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor type 2B(NR2B) in ipsilateral spinal dorsal horn in rats to explore the analgesic mechanisms of EA. Methods: According to the random number table, totally 180 rats were evenly divided into a sham group, a CCI group, and an EA group. CCI model was conducted with four4–0 chromic gut ligatures loosely ligated around the left sciatic nerve 1 cm above the trifurcation. Rats in the EA group received 2 Hz EA therapy bilaterally at acupoints of Zusanli(ST 36) and Sanyinjiao(SP 6) once daily(30 min/d) for 30 days after surgery. Paw withdrawal thresholds(PWTs) were measured on 0(baseline), 1, 3, 7, 15,30 days after surgery. Rats were sacri?ced on 0, 1, 3, 7, 15 and 30 days after surgery, and the L4–5 segments of spinal cord were removed to detect the expression of NR2B by immunohistochemistry and quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Results: PWTs in the CCI group were signi?cantly lower than the sham group at Day1–30 after surgery, and reached its lowest at Day 1(P<0.01). After EA treatment, the PWTs recovered rapidly and were signi?cantly higher than those in the CCI group on 3, 7, 15 and 30 days after surgery(P<0.01). The numbers of NR2B-immunoreactive cells of the CCI group signi?cantly increased after CCI surgery compared with the sham group(P<0.01). Compared with the CCI group, stimulation of EA markedly decreased the numbers of NR2B-immunoreactive cells at Day 3, 7, 15 and 30(P<0.05). In the sham group, NR2B mRNA was expressed at a low level. It increased after CCI surgery, which increased rapidly at Day 7(P<0.01) and reached its peak value at Day 15(P<0.01). After EA stimulation, relative quantity of NR2B mRNA expression was less than that in the CCI group at Day 15 and 30(P<0.05). Conclusions: Low frequency of EA had antinociceptive effect in CCI rat model. The analgesic effects of EA might be through the inhibition of NR2B.
Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
the Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (No. LY14H270007).
Correspondence to: Dr. JIANG Zhen-ni, Tel: 86-571-87784709,Fax: 86-571-87068001, E-mail: email@example.com.