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青藏地区公路交通事故分布规律及应对措施 预览

Distribution Law and Countermeasures of Highway Traffic Accidents in Qinghai-Tibet Area
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摘要 青藏地区由于其独特的高寒高海拔地理特性及气候因素,道路单车事故率及平均事故死亡率远高于我国其他地区.为了研究青藏公路交通事故分布规律,以国道109线唐北段为研究对象,运用统计分析的方法对该公路的交通事故资料进行统计研究,分析得到交通事故的时间、气候、形态、车辆类型与归属地分布等分布规律.研究结果表明:国道109线青藏公路唐北段道路交通事故具有明显的季节性特征,单方翻车是最主要事故形态,事故车辆绝大多数是外省车辆.进一步对青藏公路交通事故特征成因进行挖掘,并针对事故成因提出增设硬件设施、加强预防措施、完善救援体系及创新管理模式的应对措施,以提高青藏公路的行车安全,有效减少交通事故的发生。 Because of its unique alpine high altitude geography and climatic factors,the road accident rate and average accident mortality rate are much higher than other areas in China. In order to study the distribution law of traffic accidents in Qinghai-Tibet Highway,the Tangbei section of National Highway 109 was used as the research object. The statistical analysis method was used to analyze the traffic accident data of the highway,and the time, climate,form,vehicle type,vehicle attribution area distribution law and cause distribution law of traffic accidents was obtained. The results show that the road traffic accident in the Tangbei section of the National Highway 109 in the Qinghai-Tibet Highway has obvious seasonal characteristics,and the unilateral rollover is the main accident form, and the vast majority of the accidents are vehicles from other provinces. Further excavates the causes of the traffic accident characteristics of the Qinghai-Tibet Highway,and puts forward some countermeasures such as adding hardware facilities,strengthening preventive measures,improving the rescue system and innovating management model, in order to improve the traffic safety of the Qinghai-Tibet Highway and reduce the occurrence of traffic accidents.
作者 初立平 马丹辉 杜静郁 吴昊 CHU Liping;MA Danhui;DU Jingyu;WU Hao(The First Highway Survey and Design Institute of China,Xi’an 710075,China;School of Highway,Chang’an University,Xi’an 710000,China;Xi’an Engineering Design Branch Company,China Highway Fourth Engineering Bureau Limited Company,Xi’an 710003,China)
出处 《河南科学》 2019年第5期771-778,共8页 Henan Science
基金 国家科技支撑计划(2014BAG05B00)。
关键词 交通工程 交通事故 统计分析 青藏公路 分布规律 应对措施 traffic engineering traffic accident statistical analysis Qinghai-Tibet Highway distribution law countermeasures
作者简介 初立平(1983-),男,高级工程师,主要研究方向为路线总体与立交设计.
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