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首发精神分裂症、双相障碍及抑郁障碍患者前瞻性记忆、认知功能及社会功能差异研究 预览

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摘要 目的探讨首发精神分裂症、双相障碍和抑郁障碍患者的前瞻性记忆、认知功能及社会功能差异。方法选择医院2016年8月至2018年1月收治的首发精神分裂症、双相障碍及抑郁障碍患者各46例,对患者进行前瞻性记忆、认知功能及社会功能测评,并给予对比研究。结果3组患者中,精神分裂症患者基于事件的前瞻性记忆测试(EBPM)评分最低,双相障碍基于时间的前瞻性记忆测试(TBPM)最低,组间对比差异有显著性(P<0.05);双相障碍患者认知功能中总分及言语功能、延时记忆评分最低,精神分裂症患者注意力评分最低,组间对比差异有显著性(P<0.05);精神分裂症患者社会功能评分最低,组间对比差异有显著性(P<0.05)。结论首发精神分裂症、双相障碍及抑郁障碍患者的前瞻性记忆、认知功能及社会功能存在一定差异,对三者进行测评有助于提高临床诊断及鉴别。 Objective To investigate difference of the prospective memory,cognitive function and social function in the patients with first episode schizophrenia,bipolar disorder and depressive disorder.Methods Totally 46 patients with first episode schizophrenia,bipolar disorder and depressive disorder treated in our hospital from August 2016 to January 2018 were selected.The prospective memory,cognitive function and social function were measured and evaluated,and a comparative study was performed.Results Among the three groups,the EBPM score of schizophrenic patients was the lowest and the bipolar disorder TBPM was the lowest,there were significant difference among the three groups(P<0.05).The total score,the speech function,the delayed memory score in the cognitive function of the bipolar disorder patients were the lowest,and the attention scores of the schizophrenic patients were the lowest,there were significant difference among the three groups(P<0.05).The social function score of schizophrenics was the lowest(P<0.05).Conclusion There are certain differences in prospective memory,cognitive function and social function in the first episode of schizophrenia,bipolar disorder and depressive disorder.The evaluation of the three is helpful to the diagnosis and identification of the patients.
出处 《中国药业》 CAS 2018年第A01期88-89,共2页 China Pharmaceuticals
关键词 精神分裂症 双相障碍 抑郁障碍 前瞻性记忆 社会功能 认知功能 schizophrenia bipolar disorder depressive disorder prospective memory social function cognitive function
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