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学校、社区、家庭体育一体化发展困局、域外经验与发展对策研究 预览

Research on the Dilemma, Foreign Experience and Solutions on the Integrative Development of Physical Education in School, Community and Family
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摘要 近年来,我国政府在相关政策中多次提及整合学校、社区、家庭资源以提高青少年健康水平,在此背景下,关注学校、社区、家庭体育一体化发展,催发三者合力功效意义重大。运用文献资料法、逻辑分析法对我国学校、社区、家庭体育一体化发展面临的问题进行分析。研究认为,学校、社区、家庭体育一体化发展主要面临四方面的问题:(1)相关政策执行主体认识不足,导致有利于一体化发展的政策难以落地;(2)学校健康教育跟进迟缓,导致各主体间的交流合作缺少支撑;(3)家庭和社区资源供给乏力,导致一体化发展助力不足;(4)学校、社区、家庭沟通欠缺,导致一体化共生合力难以形成。为促进学校、社区、家庭体育一体化的和谐持续发展,结合国内实际及国外有益经验,提出兼施正式与非正式制度,提升青少年健康促进政策执行效力;深化学校健康教育实践,巩固学校体育主导地位;培育家庭和社区体育环境,提升二者体育输出能力;突破沟通樊篱,桥接衔接渠道等对策。 For the past few years, Chinese government has proposed in relevant policies to promote adolescents’ health by integrating schools, community and family. Under this background, it is of great significance to draw attention to the integrative development of physical education in school, community and family. This article analyzes the problems facing the integrative development of physical education in school, community and family by the methods of literature review and logic analysis, finding that the main issues include:(1) Insufficient understanding of relevant policies by policy executors hinders the implementation of the policies;(2) Physical education in school lags behind, providing no support for the communication and cooperation among different executive agencies;(3)Weak supply of family and community resource leads to insufficient assistance to integrative development;(4)Insufficient communication makes it difficult for school, community and family to work together towards integrative development. In order to promote the integrative development, this article puts forward the following solutions: drawing experience from foreign countries to formulate both formal and informal systems to increase the effectiveness of relevant policies implementation;deepening physical and health education practice in school to consolidate the dominant position of school physical education;cultivating family and community sports environment to improve their service capacity;breaking the fences of communication to bridge the communication among school, community and family.
作者 王先茂 王健 鲁长芬 罗小兵 董国永 WANG Xianmao;WANG Jian;LU Changfen;LUO Xiaobing;DONG Guoyong(School of Physical Education,Central China Normal University,Wuhan Hubei 430079)
出处 《成都体育学院学报》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第3期112-118,126共8页 Journal of Chengdu Sport Univerity
基金 教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目“青少年身体活动的‘家校社’整体性治理研究”(18YJA890015)。
关键词 学校体育 家庭体育 社区体育 一体化 青少年 健康促进 school physical education family sports community sports integration adolescents health promotion
作者简介 第一作者:王先茂,在读博士,研究方向:学校体育与社会体育,E-mail:wxmgan@gmail.com。
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