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“炎帝神农氏”考略 预览

A Brief Investigation into the Yan Emperor Shennong
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摘要 炎帝与神农氏是中国神话传说时代的人物,两人的关系在中国古代历史上非常复杂。炎帝、神农氏在东汉之前是无关联的两个人,在东汉时期发生突变,出现了"炎帝神农氏"称谓。董仲舒新"五德终始"系统的建立为刘歆《世经》中的炎帝、神农氏合一提供了理论依据;"五行说"的广布和炎帝、烈山氏与神农氏之间复杂多重的共同点,使人们心理上接受二者的合一;汉代大一统的历史文化背景,则是促使二者合一的外在因素;汉代及其后历代官方民间对"炎帝神农氏"的频繁祭祀又扩大了二者合一的民间认同。 The Yan Emperor and Shennong are two figures in the age of Chinese mythology, whose relationship is very complicated in the ancient Chinese history. Before the Eastern Han Dynasty, Yan Emperor and Shennong were two unrelated people, and some sudden changes in the Eastern Han Dynasty lead to the appearance of the title of"Emperor Yan Shennong". The establishment of Dong Zhongshu’s new system of"circle of the Five Virtues"provides a theoretical basis for the integration of Yan Emperor and Shennong in Canon of the Ages(Shijing)by Liu Xin. The spread of the"five elements theory", along with the complex and multiple commonalities among the Yan Emperor, Lieshan and Shennong, helps people accept their integration psychologically. The historical and cultural background of great unification in the Han Dynasty constitutes an external factor that promotes their integration. In addition, the frequent sacrifices to the Yan Emperor Shennong by the government and the popular in the later dynasties after the Han Dynasty expand the folk recognition of their integration.
作者 宋海燕 SONG Hai-yan(Qufu Normal University,Qufu 273100,China)
出处 《海南大学学报:人文社会科学版》 CSSCI 2019年第3期158-164,共7页 Humanities & Social Sciences Journal of Hainan University
关键词 炎帝神农氏 五德终始说 五行说 大一统 祭祀 Yan Emperor Shennong circle of Five Virtues five elements theory great unification sacrifice
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