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考虑车位占用率的机场停车场收费定价模型 预览

Pricing Model of Airport's Parking Lot Considering Parking Utilization Rate
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摘要 由于航空旅客小汽车出行需求的持续增长,机场停车需求不断增加;进而导致机场停车场出现了供需不平衡的状况。基于收益管理思想,以期望车位占用率和停车场收益最大化为决策目标,建立了机场停车场收费定价的双层规划模型。基于随机用户均衡原则,建立了航空旅客出行方式选择模型作为双层规划模型的下层模型;并根据所建立的模型设计了相应的求解算法;而后通过算例验证了所提出的模型和算法的可行性。结果表明,在定价时,考虑停车场的容量和车位占用率,能够使停车资源得到更好的利用。 Due to the continuous growth of car travel demand of air passenger,the demand for airport parking is increasing,which leads to the imbalance of supply and demand in the airport parking lot.From the view of revenue management,the expected parking utilization rate and the maximum parking revenue were taken as the optimization objective and the bi-level programming model of airport's parking price was set up.Based on stochastic user equilibrium principle,the airport access mode choice behavior of airport travelers was analyzed.In accordance with the model established,the specific solution algorithm was designed.A numerical example was used to illustrate the feasibility of the proposed models and the algorithm.The results show that the parking resources can be better utilized when the parking price considering the capacity of parking lot and parking space utilization rate.
作者 张新洁 关宏志 边芳 ZHANG Xin-jie;GUAN Hong-zhi;BIAN Fang(College of Architecture and Civil Engineering,Beijing University of Technology,Beijing 100124,China;Beijing Key Lab of Traffic Engineering,Beijing 100124,China;School of Civil Engineering,Inner Mongolia University of Science and Technology,Baotou 014010,China;Faculty of Construction Management and Real Estate,Chongqing University,Chongqing 400044,China)
出处 《科学技术与工程》 北大核心 2019年第16期370-374,共5页 Science Technology and Engineering
基金 国家自然科学基金(51338008,51378036)资助.
关键词 机场停车场 双层规划模型 车位占用率 收益管理 airport's parking lot bi-level programming parking utilization rate revenue management
作者简介 第一作者:张新洁,博士研究生,讲师。E-mail:xinjie04@emails.bjut.edu.cn;通信作者:关宏志,博士,教授。E-mail:hguan@bjut.edu.cn。
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