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20世纪60年代初中国引进西方化肥生产成套技术设备的工作

The Introduction of the Western Chemical Fertilizer Production Complete Sets of Technology and Equipments in the Early 1960s…
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摘要 新中国成立后,在使用现汇和外国贷款从西方国家大量进口粮食以渡过粮食危机的过程中,中央领导同志意识到,进口粮食不如进口化肥乃至进口化肥生产成套技术设备划算。20世纪60年代初,中苏关系恶化,中国决定从西方国家引进化肥生产的成套技术设备。在此过程中,中国开辟了从荷兰、英国和意大利等国进口化肥生产成套技术设备的渠道,打开了中国同西方国家经济技术交流的窗口。 After the founding of New China,in the process of importing large quantities of grain from western countries through cash exchange and foreign loans,the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China realized that importing grain was not as profitable as importing chemical fertilizers or even importing complete sets of technology and equipments.In the early 1960s,Sino-Soviet relations deteriorated,China decided to import complete sets of technology and equipments for fertilizer production from western countries.In this process,China had opened up a channel for importing corresponding technology and equipments for fertilizer production from the Netherlands,the United Kingdom and Italy which opened a window for economic and technological exchanges between China and Western countries.
作者 瞿商 许天成 Qu Shang;Xu Tiancheng(不详)
出处 《当代中国史研究》 CSSCI 2019年第3期65-75,158共12页 Contemporary China History Studies
关键词 中国 西方 引进 化肥 技术设备 China western import fertilizer technology and equipments
作者简介 瞿商,教授,中南财经政法大学经济学院,430073;许天成,博士研究生,中南财经政法大学经济学院,430073。
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