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时间名词“早起”再议 预览

Re-Discussion on the Temporal Noun “Zaoqi”
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摘要 “早起”原为偏正短语,后因经常充当“先事→目的”类连动结构的前件,使得其句法独立性降低,语义信息背景化,表述功能由“陈述”变为“辅助”“修饰”。至宋代,“早起”因能出现在“每X”结构之中而凸现“指称”功能,并能与非自主动词搭配而实现从行为到时间的转喻,“早起+VP”由连动结构转变为偏正结构,“早起”由偏正短语转变为时间名词。在明清时期“早起”有了新的衍生形式,如针对词义扩大而出现的具体强化形式“早起起来”,针对词义淡化而出现的同义并列强化形式“清晨早起”,它们是对过度词汇化的积极补充。 Zaoqi was originally an endocentric phrase, and later, because it often acted as the precursor of the verb-sequence construction, its syntactic independence was reduced, its semantic information was contextualized, and its expressive function changed from statement to auxiliary and modifier. By the Song Dynasty, Zaoqi was able to appear in the structure of “Mei X” to highlight the function of reference, and to achieve metonymy from action to time by collocating with the nonvolitional verbs, which made it possible to reanalyze.“Zaoqi + VP” has changed from a verb-sequence construction to an endocentric phrase, and Zaoqi has changed from an endocentric phrase to a temporal noun. In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, Zaoqi had new forms of derivation. For example, in view of the expansion of the meaning, the concrete strengthening form “Zaoqi Qilai” appeared;in view of the dilution of the meaning, the synonymous juxtaposition form “Qingchen Zaoqi” appeared. They were positive supplements to over-lexicalization.
作者 闫克 YAN Ke(Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454000, China)
出处 《天中学刊》 2019年第3期119-125,共7页 Journal of Tianzhong
基金 教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(16YJC740077) 河南省哲学社会科学规划项目(2015CYY028) 河南理工大学国家社科预研项目(GSKY2017-41).
关键词 早起 连动结构 指称 转喻 重新分析 Zaoqi the verb-sequence construction reference metonymy reanalyze
作者简介 闫克(1980-),男,河南南阳人,讲师,博士。
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