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直行非机动车与右转机动车的避让行为研究 预览

Investigation on the Avoidance Behavior between the Non-motor Vehicles Going Straight and Motor Vehicles Turning Right
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摘要 交叉口交通冲突是造成交通拥堵和安全事故的重要原因之一。因此,着重研究直行非机动车和右转机动车之间的冲突,探究影响非机动车避让行为的因素,包括骑行者的性别、年龄、冲突点位置以及机动车车型等。对实际交叉口的观测数据进行统计分析,得出非机动车避让行为与上述因素的关系。在此基础上,为进一步深入了解避让行为与人格特质的关系,选取16PF量表中的3个人格因素进行问卷调查,从心理学的角度去解读骑行者的避让行为选择。最后,据此提出改善交叉口骑行环境,提高非机动车穿越交叉口安全性的具体措施。 Traffic conflict at intersections is one of the most important cause of traffic congestion and safety accidents.The conflict between the non-motor vehicles going straight and motor vehicles turning right is researched to explore the elements that affect the avoidance behavior of non-motor vehicle to the coming collision.The elements include gender,age,the conflict point position and the type of motor vehicle,etc.Based on the statistical analysis of the observation,the relationship between the avoidance behavior of the non-motor vehicles and the above factors is obtained.Furthermore,a questionnaire survey that adopts three personality traits of the 16PF is conducted to understand the relationship between avoidance behavior and personality traits,and try to elaborate the avoidance behavior of the rider from the angle of psychology.Finally,based on the result of the previous research,the paper puts forward some feasible and appropriate measures to improve the riding environment and enhance the safety of non-motorized vehicles crossing the intersection.
作者 魏瑞良 邓院昌 梁嘉豪 WEI Ruiliang;DENG Yuanchang;LIANG Jiahao(Guangdong Key Laboratory of Intelligent Transportation Systems,School of Intelligent Systems Engineering,Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou 510275,China)
出处 《现代交通技术》 2019年第3期71-74,共4页 Modern Transportation Technology
关键词 交通心理学 非机动车 冲突 避让行为 相关性分析 调查问卷 人格特质 traffic psychology non-motor vehicles conflict avoidance behavior correlation analysis questionnaire personality traits
作者简介 第一作者:魏瑞良(1993-),男,研究生,主要研究方向为交通心理学。
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