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“国家在场”视角下英国竞技体育治理实践研究 预览

Research on the Practice of UK Elite Sports Governance under the “National Presence”
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摘要 “国家在场”是国际竞技体育发展格局变迁的重要根由之一,在近几届奥运会上英国竞技体育的跨越式发展得益于英国政府的治理变革和政策支撑。研究首先对竞技体育“国家在场”的相关概念进行界定,并梳理了二战后英国竞技体育治理的“国家在场”历史脉络,进而分析“国家在场”下英国竞技体育治理实践,包括:竞技体育治理主体的多向度行为一致性;竞技体育资源投入目标与评价的双向强化;支持运营“世界级赛事”(WCP)并设置“运动员表现奖”(APA);鼓励公民及利益相关者参与竞技体育决策咨询并发挥作用等。最后,结合新时代我国竞技体育发展的情况,提出对我国竞技体育治理的相关启示。 "National Presence" is one of the important reasons for the changes in the development pattern of international elite sports. In the recent Olympic Games, the leap-forward development of British elite sports has benefited from the governance reform and policy support of the British government. This paper first defines the related concepts of elite sports "National Presence", and then sorts out the historical evolution of the "National Presence" of British elite sports governance after World War II, and then analyzes the practice of British elite sports governance under the "National Presence", including: multi-dimensional behavior consistency of elite sports governance subject;two-way reinforcement of elite sports resource input goals and evaluation;supporting for the operation of "World Class Programme"(WCP) and setting up the "Athletic Performance Award"(APA);encouraging citizens and stakeholders to participate in elite sports decisions consult and play a role. Finally, combined with the development of elite sports in China in the new era, this paper proposes the relevant enlightenment on the governance of elite sports in China.
作者 陈洪 马瑛 梁斌 张国君 孙辉 CHEN Hong;MA Ying;LIANG Bin;ZHANG Guojun;SUN Hui(Tianjin University of Sport, Tianjin 300381, China;Chongqing Technology and Business University, Chongqing 400067,China; Hubei University of Economics, Wuhan 430205, China)
出处 《体育科学》 CSSCI 北大核心 2019年第6期22-27,54共7页 China Sport Science
基金 国家社会科学基金青年项目(18CTY015).
关键词 国家在场 竞技体育 精英体育 体育治理 英国体育 national presence high performance sport elite sports sports governance UK sport
作者简介 陈洪(1983-),男,副教授,博士,硕士研究生导师,主要研究方向为体育管理, E-mail: friends.506@163.com。
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