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DCE-MRI定量参数全域直方图鉴别诊断乳腺导管原位癌与乳腺导管原位癌伴微浸润 预览

DCE-MRI quantitative parameter global histogram in differential diagnosis of breast ductal carcinoma in situ and breast ductal carcinoma in situ with microinvasion
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摘要 目的探讨动态增强MRI(DCE-MRI)定量参数全域直方图鉴别诊断乳腺导管原位癌(DCIS)与 DCIS伴微浸润(DCIS-Mi)的价值。方法收集41例DCIS-Mi和37例DCIS患者,术前行DCE-MRI,计算容积转运常数(K^trans)、速率常数(KeP)、血浆容积分数(VP),并记录其全域直方图参数,包括平均值、中位数及10%、25%、50%、75%、90%分位数(P10、P25、P50、P75、P90)。比较DCIS-Mi和DCIS组间各参数差异,并分析最佳参数的诊断效能。结果 DCIS-Mi组K^trans 参数中的平均值及各百分位数,KeP参数中的平均值、中位数、P50、P75、P90 ,VP参数中的平均值、中位数、P25、P50、P75 均高于DCIS组(P均<0.05)。 Logistic 回归结果显示K^trans 平均值、K^trans -P25、K^trans -P50、K^trans -P75、K^trans -P90、KeP-P50、KeP-P75、KeP-P90、VP平均值、VP-P75 为诊断DCIS-Mi的最佳变量,且其诊断DCIS-Mi的ROC曲线AUC均>0.80。联合变量 Logistic 回归模型具有最高的AUC(0.968),其临界值、敏感度和特异度分别为2.152、0.962和0.947。结论 DCE-MRI全域直方图分析能量化反映肿瘤特征,准确诊断及鉴别诊断乳腺DCIS与DCIS-Mi。 Objective To explore the value of dynamic enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) quantitative parameter global histogram in differential diagnosis of breast ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and DCIS with micro-invasion (DCIS-Mi).Methods Totally 41 patients with DCIS-Mi and 37 patients with DCIS underwent DCE-MRI before operation.The volume transport constant (K^trans),rate constant (Kep) and plasma volume fraction (Vp) were calculated,and the parameters of the global histogram were recorded,including mean,median and the quantiles of 10%,25%,50%,75% and 90%(P10,P25,P50,P75 and P90).The parameters were compared between DCIS-Mi and DCIS patients,and the diagnostic values were evaluated.Results The mean and percentiles of K^trans parameters,the mean,median,P 50,P 75 and P 90 of Kep parameters,the mean,median,P 25,P 50 and P 75 of V p parameters of DCIS-Mi patients were all higher than those of DCIS patients (all P< 0.05).Logistic regression results showed that K^trans mean,K^trans -P 25,K^trans -P 50,K^trans -P 75,K^trans -P90,Kep -P50,Kep -P75,Kep -P90,Vp mean,Vp-P75 were the best variables for diagnosis of DCIS-Mi,and AUC>0.80.The joint variable Logistic regression model had the highest AUC (0.968),and its cut-off value,sensitivity and specificity was 2.152,0.962 and 0.947,respectively.Conclusion DCE-MRI global histogram analysis can quantitatively reflect tumor characteristics,accurately differentiate breast DCIS and DCIS-Mi.
作者 吴朋 崔蕾 郭宏兵 王成瑶 崔书君 WU Peng;CUI Lei;GUO Hongbing;WANG Chengyao;CUI Shujun(Department of Imaging,the First Hospital Affiliated to Hebei North University,Zhangjiakou 075000,China;Department of Breast Surgery,the First Hospital Affiliated to Hebei North University,Zhangjiakou 075000,China)
出处 《中国医学影像技术》 CSCD 北大核心 2019年第7期1022-1027,共6页 Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging Technology
基金 河北省医学科学研究重点课题计划(20180867)。
关键词 乳腺肿瘤 原位 直方图 磁共振成像 动态增强扫描 breast neoplasms carcinoma in situ histogram magnetic resonance imaging dynamic contrast enhancement
作者简介 第一作者:吴朋(1985—),男,河北张家口人,硕士,主治医师。研究方向:乳腺影像学诊断。E-mail:wp20050107@126.com;通信作者:崔书君,河北北方学院附属第一医院医学影像部,075000。E-mail:1353152923@qq.com.
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