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工人新村经验与居住空间透视——从插图看《繁花》 预览

A Perspective of New Residential Area Experience and Living Space for Workers--An Interpretation of Flowers from Its Illustrations
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摘要 金宇澄小说《繁花》中,除了投射童年怀旧气息的资产阶级空间小洋房之外,工人新村与弄堂是两种重要的住宅形式。文章旨在对小说插图进行简要分类的基础上,结合与上述住宅形式相关的插图,探讨《繁花》的空间经验是如何作用于个体生活境遇与人伦关系变化中的。首先,小说中作为彼时"模范社区"的曹杨新村之登场源于文革抄家后的强制发配,社区主体认同的缺失使其显现出截然不同的地方感。其次,个体、家庭与邻里间的交往互动因内部居住空间结构缺乏私密性而长期处于被监视察听的桎梏之中。金宇澄的空间叙述与插图描绘之于上海书写的重要价值即在于,将都市空间视为充满变化、危机与紧张关系的有机体,将各种社会关系的纠葛与历史发展置于都市空间的变迁来加以再思考。 In Jin Yucheng’s novel Flowers, in addition to the small-scale bourgeois foreign-style villas with a nostalgia for childhood, new villages for workers and alleys are two important forms of housing. Based on a brief classification of illustrations in the novel, this paper, in conjunction with illustrations related to the above-mentioned residential forms, aims to explore how the spatial experience has affected the relationship between individual life and human relations in the novel. First of all, the appearance of Caoyang New Residential Area in the novel as a "model community" at that time was due to the forced banishment after the "Cultural Revolution", and the lack of community subject identity made it demonstrate a completely different sense of place. Secondly, the interaction among individuals, families and neighbors has long been in the shackles of supervision due to the lack of privacy in the internal residential space structure. The important value of Jin Yucheng’s space narration and illustrations in his works on Shanghai lies in the fact that he regards urban space as an organism full of changes, crises and tensions, in which the disputes and historical development of all social relations are taken into consideration in the vicissitudes of urban space.
作者 贾海涛 JIA Hai-tao(Graduate School of Language and Society,Hitotsubashi University,Tokyo 186-8601,Japan)
出处 《海南师范大学学报:社会科学版》 2019年第3期32-40,共9页 JOURNAL OF HAINAN NORMAL NUIVERSITY(SOCIAL SCIENCE)
关键词 《繁花》 金宇澄 插图 工人新村 弄堂 Flowers Jin Yucheng illustrations new residential areas for workers alleys
作者简介 贾海涛(1993—),男,上海人,日本一桥大学言语社会研究科博士研究生,主要从事都市文学与都市空间研究。
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