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2017—2018年锦州市凌河区小学生视力不良与营养状况关系分析 预览

Analysis of Relationship Between Visual Acuity and Nutritional Status of Primary School Students in Linghe District of Jinzhou City from 2017 to 2018
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摘要 目的了解锦州市凌河区小学生营养状况与视力不良相关关系,为有关防控对策的制定提供依据。方法收集2017—2018年锦州市凌河区30656名小学生视力检查结果及营养状况资料。结果(1)2017年、2018年小学生视力不良率分别为44.11%、47.11%,呈上升趋势(P<0.05);(2)女生不同程度视力不良率均高于男生(P<0.05);(3)各年级总的视力不良率随年级增加而升高(P<0.05);但在视力不良分布中,轻、中度视力不良率随年级递增依次递减(P<0.05),重度视力不良率随年级递增依次递增(P<0.05);(4)小学生营养不良、较低体重构成比女生均高于男生(P<0.05),肥胖、超重构成比男生均高于女生(P<0.05);(5)肥胖和营养不良的小学生视力不良率均高于正常体重者(P<0.05)。结论锦州市凌河区小学生视力不良有上升的趋势,肥胖和营养不良的小学生视力不良率均高于正常体重。应从家庭、学校、学生和政府部门四个方面着手防控小学生视力不良、营养不良及肥胖。 Objective To understand the correlation between nutritional status and poor vision of primary school students in Linghe district of Jinzhou,and to provide the basis for the formulation of relevant prevention and control measures.Methods Visual acuity examination results and nutritional status data of 30,656 primary school students in Linghe district of Jinzhou from 2017 to 2018 were collected for this research.Results (1)The rates of poor vision of primary school students in 2017 and 2018 were 44.11% and 47.11% respectively,showing an increasing trend ( P <0.05).(2) The rate of visual impairment in girls was higher than that of boys ( P <0.05).(3)The rate of visual impairment increased progressively with the increasing grade ( P <0.05).However,in the distribution of visual impairment,the rates of mild and moderate visual impairment decreased successively with grade increasing ( P <0.05),and the rates of severe visual impairment increased successively with grade increasing ( P <0.05).(4) The proportion of malnutrition and low body weight in primary school students were higher in girls than those in boys ( P <0.05),and the proportion of obesity and overweight in boys were higher than that in girls ( P <0.05).(5) The rates of poor vision in obese and malnourished primary school students were higher than those of normal weight students ( P <0.05).Conclusion There is an increasing trend of poor eyesight among pupils in Linghe district of Jinzhou.We should prevent and control the poor eyesight,malnutrition and obesity of primary school students from these four aspects:family,school,students and government.
作者 刘俊杰 徐军 Liu Junjie;Xu Jun(The First Affiliated Hospital of Jinzhou Medical University;The Third Affiliated Hospital of Jinzhou Medical University,Jinzhou 121000 China)
出处 《锦州医科大学学报》 CAS 2019年第4期83-86,共4页 Journal of Liaoning Medical University (LNMU) Bimonthly
关键词 小学生 视力不良 营养状况 趋势 primary school students poor eyesight nutritional status trend
作者简介 刘俊杰(1993),女,河南周口人,在读硕士研究生,主要研究方向为儿童视力不良影响因素;通讯作者:徐军(1968),男,辽宁锦州人,教授,博士学位,主要研究方向为儿童视力不良影响因素。
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