Objective To understand the correlation between nutritional status and poor vision of primary school students in Linghe district of Jinzhou,and to provide the basis for the formulation of relevant prevention and control measures.Methods Visual acuity examination results and nutritional status data of 30,656 primary school students in Linghe district of Jinzhou from 2017 to 2018 were collected for this research.Results (1)The rates of poor vision of primary school students in 2017 and 2018 were 44.11% and 47.11% respectively,showing an increasing trend ( P <0.05).(2) The rate of visual impairment in girls was higher than that of boys ( P <0.05).(3)The rate of visual impairment increased progressively with the increasing grade ( P <0.05).However,in the distribution of visual impairment,the rates of mild and moderate visual impairment decreased successively with grade increasing ( P <0.05),and the rates of severe visual impairment increased successively with grade increasing ( P <0.05).(4) The proportion of malnutrition and low body weight in primary school students were higher in girls than those in boys ( P <0.05),and the proportion of obesity and overweight in boys were higher than that in girls ( P <0.05).(5) The rates of poor vision in obese and malnourished primary school students were higher than those of normal weight students ( P <0.05).Conclusion There is an increasing trend of poor eyesight among pupils in Linghe district of Jinzhou.We should prevent and control the poor eyesight,malnutrition and obesity of primary school students from these four aspects:family,school,students and government.
Journal of Liaoning Medical University (LNMU) Bimonthly
primary school students