本文以三元金属钴-镍-铁普鲁士蓝结构纳米立方体(Co0.9-Ni0.9Fe1.2NCs)为前驱体,通过简单气相磷化处理,得到优化比例的P-Co0.9Ni0.9Fe1.2纳米立方体磷化物,其具有高本征活性、导电性和高缺陷密度的特点. SEM和TEM结果表明,碳掺杂型P-Co0.9Ni0.9-Fe1.2保持了纳米立方体的结构,其粗糙的表面结构意味着丰富的缺陷位,暴露更多真实活性位.三元金属普鲁士蓝前驱体的磷化处理不仅提供了碳掺杂,而且原位构筑了立方体表面缺陷位.碳掺杂降低了电荷传输的阻抗,优化了电子传输速率.三元金属离子之间的协同作用以及丰富的缺陷活性位有效提高了电催化的性能.P-Co0.9Ni0.9Fe1.2拥有极其高的HER和OER催化活性,仅需要-200.7 mV(HER)和273.1 mV(OER)过电位就可以达到10 mA cm-2的电流密度.其全水分解仅需1.52 V就可以达到10 mA cm-2的电流密度.此外,本文还对催化剂的稳定性进行了测试.本工作为设计高效过渡金属基双功能电解水催化剂提供了一种简便方法.
The ternary cobalt-nickel-iron phosphide nanocubes (P-Co0.9Ni0.9Fe1.2 NCs) with high intrinsic activity, conductivity, defect concentration and optimized ratio have been realized through a facile phosphorization treatment using ternary cobalt-nickel-iron nanocubes of Prussian blue analogs (PBA) as a precursor. The scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy results show that the P-Co0.9Ni0.9Fe1.2 NCs maintain a cubic structure with a rough surface, implying the rich surface defects as exposed active sites. The thermal phosphorization of the ternary PBA precursor not only provids carbon doping but also leads to the in situ construction of surface defects on the NCs. The carbon doping from the PBA precursor lowers the charge transfer resistance and optimizes the electronic transformation. The synergistic effect among the ternary metal ions and rich defects contributes to the enhanced electrocatalytic performance . The P-Co0.9Ni0.9Fe1.2NCs achieve low overpotentials of -200.7 and 273.1 mV at a current density of 10 mA cm^-2 for the hydrogen evolution reaction and the oxygen evolution reaction, respectively. The potential of overall water splitting reaches 1.52 V at a current density of 10 mA cm^-2. The longterm stability of the electrocatalysts was also evaluated. This work provides a facile method to design efficient transitionmetal- based bifunctional electrocatalysts for overall water splitting.
Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province (ZR2017MB059)
the Major Program of Shandong Province Natural Science Foundation (ZR2018ZC0639)
the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21776314)
the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (18CX05016A)
the Postgraduate Innovation Project of China University of Petroleum (YCX2018074).
Wenkun Gao is currently a master candidate under the supervision of Professor Bin Dong in the State Key Laboratory of Heavy Oil Processing, China University of Petroleum (East China). He received his bachelor's degree majored in engineering from Jining University in 2015. His research interest focuses on electrochemical and photoelectrochemical water spl让ting;Corresponding author:Bin Dong received PhD degree from Lanzhou University in 2008. He was a visiting scholar in Marquette University from 2014 to 2015. Now he is an associate professor in the College of Science, China University of Petroleum (East China). His research interests focus on the design and synthesis of functional materials for energy conversion and storage, such as electrocatalysis and photoelectrocatalysis for water splitting.email: email@example.com.