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Changes in corneal endothelial cell density in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma 预览

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摘要 BACKGROUND Glaucoma is a group of diseases characterized by a specific pattern of optic nerve neuropathy and retinopathy.Increasing evidence demonstrates glaucoma associated corneal endothelium loss.Direct-compression mechanism due to elevated intraocular pressure(IOP),cell toxicity after long term exposure to preservatives and glaucoma surgery have been reported to be the possible mechanism.Herein,we compare the specular endothelial microscopy in primary open-angle glaucoma(POAG)patients and healthy controls of the same age group to observe the corneal endothelium changes and the correlations to the mean IOP in a Chinese case control study.AIM To investigate corneal endothelial cell density in Chinese patients with POAG.METHODS A case control study was performed on 60 eyes of 60 patients with POAG.Exclusion criteria included history of corneal diseases,intraocular diseases,contact lens use,ocular trauma or surgery(including intraocular surgery and laser treatment),congenital abnormalities or systemic diseases such as diabetes.Intraocular pressure was measured using Goldmann tonometry.Indirect specular microscopy(TOPCON SP-2000P)was performed on central corneas and endothelial images were acquired.Endothelial cell density,area and cell counts were analyzed.RESULTS Endothelial cell density was 2959±236 cells/mm2 in healthy controls and 2757±262 cells/mm2 in patients with POAG.The POAG eyes had significantly lower endothelial cell density compared to healthy control eyes(P<0.001).In the POAG group,endothelial cell density was 2686±233 cells/mm2 in the patients receiving medication and 2856±272 cells/mm2 in the untreated subgroup.The eyes receiving medication had significantly lower endothelial cell density compared to untreated eyes.There was a negative correlation between cell density and mean IOP(r=-0.286,P=0.004),positive correlation between the average cell area and mean IOP(r=0.228,P=0.022),maximum cell area and mean IOP(r=0.218,P=0.029)and minimum cell area and mean IOP(r=0.290,P=0.003).The percentage of
出处 《世界临床病例杂志》 2019年第15期1978-1985,共8页 World Journal of Clinical Cases
作者简介 Corresponding author:Bo Qu,MD,PhD,Associate Professor,Dr.,Department of Ophthalmology,4th affiliated Hospital of China Medical University,Eye Hospital of China Medical University,Key Laboratory of Lens Research of Liaoning Province,Shenyang 110005,Liaoning Province,China.dolphinemu@foxmail.com Telephone:+86-130-66660193 Fax:+86-024-62037227.
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