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基于平流层飞艇的气象探测技术探索 预览

Study of Meteorological Observation Technology Based on Stratospheric Airship
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摘要 以平流层飞艇为平台,搭载探空仪、温度传感器、气压传感器等,在平流层18km高度长航时驻停并开展下投探空观测,探索依托飞艇平台的平流层连续气象观测可行性。通过试验分析,得出以下结论:飞艇平台搭载下投导航探空仪方法可行、观测数据真实有效;飞艇在平流层空间具备连续机动观测能力,对平流层气象研究具有重要意义;以飞艇平台开展平流层气温观测,温度场分布受流体影响较大,需要对观测位置优化设计。 This study explored the feasibility of stratospheric airship platforms for continuously meteorological observations. The stratospheric airship platform, carrying the dropsonde, temperature sensor and pressure sensor, was designed to drop radiosonde from 18 km high of the stratosphere at its long standing stop. Following conclusions can be drawn from the test and analysis: 1) The dropsonde-based airship platform is technically sound by providing real and effective observation data. Therefore, it is a stable and reliable means of observation;2) Near space airship has the capability of continuous observation in the stratosphere, which is of great significance to the corresponding meteorological research in the stratosphere;3) Observation locations need to be optimized if the airship platforms are used to observe stratospheric temperature because of large influence of fluid on temperature distribution.
作者 王柏林 杨加春 郭虓 Wang Bailin;Yang Jiachun;Guo Xiao(China Huayun Meteorological Technology Group Corporation, Beijing 100081;Tianjin Huayuntianyi Special Meteorological Sounding Co.,Ltd, Tianji 300384;Frontier Institute of Science and Technology Innovation, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191)
出处 《气象科技进展》 2019年第4期6-13,共8页 Advances in Meteorological Science and Technology
基金 重大科学仪器设备开发重点专项(2018FYY01010100).
关键词 平流层 飞艇 气象 观测 stratosphere airship meteorological observation
作者简介 第一作者:王柏林(1979-),Email:wbl3309@126.com.
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