目的:了解泸州市江阳区某幼儿园学龄前儿童口腔卫生习惯,促进学龄前儿童口腔健康教育项目的建立。方法:通过随机整群抽样,抽取江阳区某幼儿园,以该幼儿园的408名学龄儿童家长为调查对象,通过问卷调查学龄前儿童口腔习惯和口腔就诊情况。结果:70.34%的学龄前儿童每天刷牙1次,68.14%的儿童每次刷牙1 min,57.84%儿童3岁开始独立刷牙,不能独立刷牙时大部分孩子由家长帮助完成,84.07%孩子使用儿童专用牙膏,而仅16.91%使用含氟牙膏,67.40%儿童口腔卫生保健知识来源于父母。不同性别的学龄前儿童口腔健康行为的相关因素均无统计学差异(P> 0.05),抚养方式(隔代寄养、父母抚养)对于学龄前儿童口腔健康行为建立的影响无统计学差异(P> 0.05)。结论:学龄前儿童及家长口腔保健意识均不足,需增加口腔卫生宣教,可优先发展学龄前儿童口腔教育项目,规范儿童口腔卫生保健行为,促进学龄前儿童口腔健康。
Objective: To investigate the oral hygiene habits of preschool children in a kindergarten in Jiangyang District, Luzhou, China, and to facilitate the establishment of oral health education programs for preschool children.Methods:A total of 408 parents whose preschool children were from a certain kindergarten in Jiangyang District were selected as respondents by cluster random sampling;a questionnaire survey was used to learn about the oral hygiene habits and oral health care seeking behaviors of these children. Results: Among the preschool children, 70.34% brushed their teeth once a day, 68.14% brushed for one minute every time, 57.84% started to brush their teeth independently at the age of 3 years old(brushing was finished with the help of the children’s parents when they cannot brush their teeth independently), 84.07% used children’s toothpaste, only 16.91% used fluoride-containing toothpaste, and 67.40% acquired oral hygiene-related knowledge from their parents. There were no significant differences in the factors related to the oral hygiene behaviors between preschool children of different sexes(P > 0.05);there was no significant difference in the establishment of preschool children’s oral hygiene behaviors between children raised by grandparents and parents(P > 0.05). Conclusion: Poor awareness of oral hygiene is quite prevalent among preschool children and their parents, which necessitates enhanced oral hygiene education. It is recommended to preferentially develop oral health education programs among preschool children and normalize their oral hygiene behaviors to promote their oral health.
Journal of Southwest Medical University
第一作者:陈 强,硕士生;通信作者:王瑶,副教授,博士。E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.