新中国成立以来,我国草莓的科学研究取得了巨大成就。据不完全统计,2018年中国草莓面积达173 333hm~2,总产量500万t,其中冷凉地区四季草莓面积达5 000 hm~2。共选育品种112个。在野生资源评价,冷凉地区育苗,穴盘苗生产,夜冷育苗,绿色防控技术,贮藏和加工研究方面发展迅速。草莓香气和色泽等品质形成机制和基因组学及抗性分子标记的研究为培育多样化的品种奠定了基础。草莓的观光采摘成为我国现代化都市农业的一大亮点,草莓产业在乡村振兴、精准扶贫‘、一带一路’中将发挥越来越重要的作用。
Since 1949, great achievements have been made in strawberry research in China. According to incomplete statistics, the total area of strawberries in China reached around 173 333 hm~2 in 2018, and the total yields exceeded 5 million tons. It is remarkable that the area of everbearing strawberries in cool regions reached 5 000 hm~2, while 112 cultivars were released. It has developed rapidly in the research areas of the collecting, evaluation and utilization of wild germplasm, cold-region nursery production, tray plants production, night cold technology in nursery, organic pest and disease control, storage and processing. The understanding of regulatory mechanisms of strawberry aroma and color formation,genomics study and resistance molecular markers have laid a foundation for breeding various cultivars.The strawberry tourism, known as pick-your-own fruit has become a highlight of the modern urban agriculture in China. Strawberry industry has played an important role in precision poverty alleviation, and in the further, it will play a more and more important role in rural revitalization and in the development of the‘Belt and Road’.
Journal of Fruit Science