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建筑火灾中远程交互模式对寻路绩效的影响 预览

Influence of Remote Interaction Mode on PathfindingPerformance in Building Fires
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摘要 火灾搜救团队在高层建筑火灾中信息交互手段受限且缺乏理论支持。本文根据空间信息的传递方式选取3种交互模式:1)语音;2)建筑平面图及规范语音;3)视频。实地模拟高层建筑火场进行实验,记录并分析参试者逃生时间与路程。结果表明,在语言沟通方式下,逃生时间与逃生所走的总距离最长。在建筑平面图及语音沟通方式下,逃生时间与逃生所走的总距离最短。在动态环境下,建筑平面图及规范语音的交互模式使得寻路更高效且更准确。 Since fire rescue teams’information interaction means in high-rise building fires is limited and theoretical support is insufficient,three interactive modes are selected according to the ways of spatial information transmission:1 speech,2 architectural plan and standard speech,3 video.Field simulation of high-rise building fire field collaborative path finding experiments is conducted,recording and analyzing the participants’escape time and distance.The results show that in the language communication mode,the escape time and the total distance covered are the longest.In the architectural floor plan and voice communication mode,the total distance and the time for escape are both the shortest.It is concluded that in a dynamic environment,building plans and voice communication make path finding more efficient and accurate.
作者 高晓童 秦华 GAO Xiaotong;QIN Hua(School of Mechanical-Electronic and Vehicle Engineering,Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture,Beijing 100044,China;Beijing Engineering Research Center of Monitoring for Construction Safety,Beijing 102600,China)
出处 《工业工程》 北大核心 2019年第4期116-122,共7页 Industrial Engineering Journal
基金 北京市自然科学基金资助项目(9172008)
关键词 高层建筑 寻路决策 灭火救援 建筑火灾 寻路行为 high-rise building path finding decision fire fighting and rescue building fire path finding behavior
作者简介 高晓童(1995-),男,北京市人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为人因工程;通讯作者:秦华(1971-),女,安徽省人,副教授,博士,主要研究方向为人因工程、人机交互、建筑人因等,E-mail:qinhua@bucea.edu.cn
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