The degree apprenticeship in England is the new coordinates for vocationalism in higher education. The employer-led and work-based characteristic has caused a strong conflict with the elite tradition of higher education, which has led to such arguments on the curriculum power oriented by academic freedom or employers, the governance mode dominated by academic autonomy or social accountability, and the university mission upheld by leading change or conforming to industry demands. The degree apprenticeship gains its legitimacy from the changing concepts of knowledge, learning, education system and society change. Therefore, vocationalism and the elite education tradition could shine together in the field of higher education.
Journal of Higher Education