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区块链技术在政府监管中的定位及法律规制——基于海关监管的视角 认领 被引量:3

Location and Legal Regulation of Blockchain Technology in Government Supervision:From Perspective of Customs Supervision
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摘要 “区块链+”已经开始延伸到政府监管的应用场景,其有利于提升监管的整体效能。鉴于区块链技术在政府监管中的定位及法律规制问题的复杂性,海关监管是合适的样本。区块链背景下我国海关监管存在交易主体虚拟化、交易过程无纸化以及交易信息中心化的问题。为此,需要客观冷静看待区块链技术在海关监管中的定位,它不仅仅是海关监管过程中的技术增量,也是优化海关监管流程的重要推手,更能够孵化实现海关监管核心目标的创新措施,但也存在着双刃剑的负面效应,应通过确定多维宽容的规制理念、拓展行业协会与企业为规制主体以及鼓励适用柔性规制方法来构建我国区块链海关监管的法律规制体系。同时,我国必须秉承国际视野,把向国际社会提供一个完整的、带有普适性的区块链技术政府监管方案作为远期的重要目标。 “Blockchain+”has begun to extend to the application scenario of government supervision,and is conducive to improving the overall effectiveness of supervision.In view of the location of blockchain technology in government supervision and the complexity of legal regulation,customs supervision is a suitable sample.Under the background of block chain,there are some problems in China's customs supervision,such as the virtualization of transaction subject,the paperless transaction process and the centralization of transaction information.It is not only a technological increment in the process of customs supervision,but also an important pusher to optimize the process of customs supervision.It can also incubate innovative measures to achieve the core objectives of customs supervision.However,there are also negative effects of double-edged sword.We should determine the regulation concept of multidimensional tolerance,expand trade associations and enterprises as regulatory subjects and encourage the application of flexible regulatory methods.At the same time,China must adhere to the international perspective,and provide the international community with a complete and universal blockchain technology government supervision program as an important long-term goal.
作者 周阳 ZHOU Yang(不详)
出处 《法学评论》 CSSCI 北大核心 2020年第1期94-105,共12页 Law Review
基金 广东外语外贸大学“涉外经贸法律和规则体系完善研究”科研创新团队与科研启动经费资助。
关键词 区块链 政府监管 海关监管 法律规制 Blockchain Government Supervision Customs Supervision Legal Regulation
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