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疫情时期学生居家学习方式、学习内容与学习模式构建

Construction of Learning Style, Learning Content and Learning Mode for Students Studying at Home during the Epidemic
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摘要 "停课不停学"是保障中小学生在新冠肺炎疫情期间"有学上"的创新之举和有效策略,但大多数人对"停课不停学"的理解并不到位,仅仅研究在线教学,没有从学生的角度考虑问题,研究学生的居家学习。基于此,文章从学生居家学习的角度出发,总结形成了教师指导的在线自主学习、教师指导的线下自主学习、无教师指导的在线自主学习等八种中小学生居家学习方式,同时分析其主要特征;提出以培养学生"五育"为重点,科学设计居家学习内容,从现有资源和生成性资源、线上资源和线下资源两个维度对学习资源进行划分,并分析其使用方式;最后建构了基于班级虚拟共同体的同步在线学习+异步在线学习+线下自主学习相结合的混合学习模式,以期保障学生在疫情期间"停课不停育",促进学生全面发展。期望文章为认识和推进"停课不停学"提供参考,为中小学生开展居家学习提供思路和方法。 "Suspended classes, ongoing learning" is an innovative and effective strategy to ensure that students in primary and secondary schools "have schooling" during the outbreak of COVID 19. However, due to incomplete understanding of that concept, most people just focus on online teaching, and pay little attention to home-based learning from the perspective of students. Thus, this paper summarizes eight types of homebased learning for primary and secondary school students, such as teacher-guided online autonomous learning, teacher-guided offline autonomous learning, and online autonomous learning without teacher guidance, and also analyses their main characteristics. It is suggested that the content of home-based learning should be designed scientifically with the focus on cultivating good students, and the learning resources could be divided from two dimensions of existing resources and generative resources, online resources and offline resources, and the application of those materials should be analyzed as well. Finally, a hybrid learning model is constructed, which combines synchronous online learning, asynchronous online learning and offline autonomous learning based on virtual class community, so as to ensure that students will not stop learning during the epidemic period and then obtain the overall development. This paper is expected to provide reference for understanding and promoting the concept of "suspended classes, ongoing learning", and to provide ideas and methods for primary and secondary school students to carry out home-based learning.
作者 宋灵青 许林 SONG Lingqing;XU Lin(National Center for Educational Technology,Beijing 100031)
机构地区 中央电化教育馆
出处 《电化教育研究》 CSSCI 北大核心 2020年第5期18-26,共9页 E-education Research
关键词 居家学习 学习方式 学习内容 混合学习 停课不停学 Home Schooling Learning Style Learning Content Blended Learning Suspended Classes,Ongoing Learning
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