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大学生创业能力结构模型的修正与测评指标体系建构

Revision of the structural model of college students’entrepreneurial ability and construction of an evaluation index system
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摘要 采用自主编制的大学生创业能力结构要素问卷,采取随机抽样的方法,对224名企业员工进行调研,进行探索性因素分析,优化前期获得的大学生创业能力结构模型,构建大学生创业能力测评指标体系。结果验证了构建的大学生创业能力结构理论模型稳定性较好,本次分析提取6个公因子,结构效度为61.919%。KMO=0.887,仅有4个题目的因子载荷量在0.5以下,获得的大学生创业能力结构模型由6个维度28项要素构成,模型更简洁,维度命名修正后更为合理,在界定维度内涵和要素的操作性定义基础上初步编制了由88道题目构成的大学生创业能力评估指标体系,该指标体系为大学生创业能力自评量表的编制奠定了科学的基础。 By using the self-designed structural elements of college students’entrepreneurial ability questionnaire,adopting the method of random sampling,224 employees from enterprises were investigated,exploratory factor analysis was conducted to optimize the structural model of college students’entrepreneurial ability,and to structure the evaluation index system of college students'entrepreneurial ability.The results showed that the structural model of entrepreneurial ability of college students was stable.Six common factors were extracted and the structural validity was 61.919%.KMO=0.887,the factor load of 4 topics is less than 0.5.The structural model of college students’entrepreneurship ability is composed of 28 elements and 6 dimensions,which will be more concise and reasonable after the dimensions’name is revised.The dimension connotation and the operational definition of elements will be defined on the basis of 88 items from the college students’evaluation index system of entrepreneurial ability,this index has been preliminarily worked out,the index system has laid a scientific foundation for the preparation of the self-evaluation scale of college students’entrepreneurial ability.
作者 程玮 CHENG Wei(Faculty of Social and Public Administration,Guangdong Baiyun University,Guangzhou 510450,China)
出处 《创新与创业教育》 2020年第3期97-103,共7页 Journal of Innovation and Enterprise Education
基金 广东省教育厅重点平台及重大科研项目“财经类院校创新创业教育特色课程体系与实践模体研究——基于创业能力六维模型理论”(2017WTSCX120) 2017年广东省高等教育改革项目“财经类院校创新创业教育特色课程与实践体系研究”(598) 2017年广东白云学院重点学科建设项目“企业管理”(2440307)。
关键词 创业 创业能力 创业能力结构模型 创业能力测评指标 entrepreneurship entrepreneurial ability entrepreneurial ability structure model entrepreneurial ability evaluation index
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