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食品接触用硅橡胶中危害物迁移的研究进展

Advances on Migration of Hazardous Substances in Food Contact Silicone Rubber
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摘要 目的综述食品接触用硅橡胶制品中潜在危害物的迁移研究现状,为相关法规的修订提供参考。方法介绍食品接触用硅橡胶中硅氧烷低聚物、N-亚硝胺类物质及金属元素向食品模拟物和真实食品的迁移研究进展,并提出可减少硅橡胶制品中潜在危害物的建议。结论食品接触用硅橡胶制品中的硅氧烷低聚物易向油性食品模拟物和高脂肪含量的食品发生迁移,且分子量较小的硅氧烷低聚物更容易发生迁移;硅橡胶奶嘴中的N-亚硝胺类物质会向人工唾液中发生迁移;硅橡胶制品中的金属会向酸性食品模拟物发生迁移。这些物质迁移到食品中会存在健康隐患,故需要减少食品接触用硅橡胶制品中潜在危害物的含量,并进一步完善相关法规。 The work aims to review the research status of the migration of potential hazardous substances in silicone rubber products for food contact to provide references for the revision of relevant regulations.The research progress of the migration of siloxane oligomers,N-nitrosamines and metal elements from food contact silicone rubber products to food simulants and real food were introduced,and the suggestions for reducing the potential hazardous substances in silicone rubber products were put forward.The siloxane oligomers in silicone rubber products for food contact tend to migrate to oil food simulants and high-fat food,and the siloxane oligomers with low molecular weight are more likely to migrate.N-nitrosamines in silicone rubber pacifiers migrate to artificial saliva,and metals in silicone rubber products migrate to acid food simulants.The migration of these substances into food may pose health risks.Therefore,the content of potential hazardous substances in silicone rubber products for food contact needs to be reduced and relevant regulations need to be further improved.
作者 刘宜奇 胡长鹰 商贵芹 姜欢 张泓 LIU Yi-qi;HU Chang-ying;SHANG Gui-qin;JIANG Huan;ZHANG Hong(Department of Food Science and Engineering,Jinan University,Guangzhou 510632,China;Changzhou Import and Export Industrial and Consumer Product Safety Testing Center,Changzhou 213000,China;National Food Safety Risk Assessment Center,Beijing 100022,China)
出处 《包装工程》 CAS 北大核心 2020年第13期48-55,共8页 Packaging Engineering
基金 国家重点研发计划(2018YFC1603205/2018YFC1603200) 2019年度食品安全国家标准立项计划(spaq-2019-013) 广东省重点领域研发计划(2019B020212002)。
关键词 食品接触用硅橡胶 迁移 硅氧烷低聚物 N-亚硝胺类物质 金属 food contact silicone rubber migration siloxane oligomers N-nitrosamines metal
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