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中国政府奖学金生变化趋势研究——基于1999~2018年数据的统计分析

A Statistical Analysis of the Changing Trend of the Chinese Government Scholarship Programs from 1999 to 2018
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摘要 对1999~2018这20年来中国政府奖学金统计数据的分析发现:奖学金生数量增长显著,内部结构日趋合理,学历生占比不断上升;专业分布逐渐平衡,从集中在文学、工科两个专业向工科、管理、经济、汉语言、西医等专业均衡发展;洲别以亚洲学生为主,各地区奖学金生数量受中国政策影响明显。中国政府奖学金还存在着获取率偏低、奖学金名额区域分布不均衡、微观领域结构不合理、舆论环境欠佳等不足。建议相关部门需继续保持奖学金名额持续增长,进一步优化内部结构,同时做好舆论导向,让中国政府奖学金能够吸引更多优秀的国际学生,增强中国国际感召力,提升国家软实力。 The statistical analysis of the Chinese Government Scholarship Programsfrom 1999 to 2018 has revealed the following facts:the number of sponsored students has increased significantly,the internal structure of the Scholarship Programsis becoming more and more reasonable,the proportion of the diploma students has been rising,and the distribution of different majors is more reasonably balanced.There is a shift from focusing on literature and engineering to management,economics,Chinese languageand Western medicine.The majority are from Asia,while the policies of the Chinese government have an obvious impact on different regions.The weaknesses include the following:a fairly low access rate,an improper regional distribution,an unreasonable micro-structure,and a poor public opinion environment.It is suggested that thedepartments involved should continue to maintain the continuous growth of scholarships,further optimize the internal structure,and lead the public opinion in a correct way,which may help attract more excellent international students,enhance China's international appeal and soft power.
作者 李冰 黄文杰 LI Bing;HUANG Wenjie(School of International Education,South China University of Technology,Guangzhou 510000,China)
出处 《云南师范大学学报:对外汉语教学与研究版》 2020年第4期71-82,共12页 Journal of Yunnan Normal University(Teaching and Studying Chinese As a Foreign Language Edition)
基金 全国教育科学“十三五”规划2016年度教育部重点课题“汉语国际推广背景下中国政府奖学金留学生培养现状及满意度调查研究”(DIA160322)的阶段性成果。
关键词 中国政府奖学金 来华留学生 变化趋势 Chinese Government Scholarship Programs international students in China changing trend
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