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中美关系中的“脱钩”:概念、影响与前景 认领 被引量:1

“Decoupling”in the China-US Relations:Concept,Influence,and Prospect
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摘要 自2018年发生经贸摩擦以来,中美两国之间呈现出的减少联系、降低相互依赖度的所谓“脱钩”态势引发了全世界关注。目前看,中美两国“脱钩”虽然具有辐射性、演变性以及一定不可控性,但仍处于“部分脱钩”阶段,且政府层面的政策选择发挥了关键推动作用。中美“脱钩”态势在贸易、投资、科技以及社会民意等层面给中美关系乃至全球产业链带来了重大影响。在结构性原因和政策性原因的交互影响下,中美“部分脱钩”状态将长期存在,但难以实现“全面脱钩”,中美“脱钩”的进程最终要取决于两国的政策选择与相互塑造。面对美方对中国意图的偏执误读与对中美合作收益的负面认知,中方应考虑采取深化合作、设定积极议程等方式进行回应与塑造。 Since the trade conflict in 2018,the so-called“decoupling”trend that reduces bilateral links and decreases interdependence between China and the US has raised widespread concerns of the whole world.Currently,it is undeniable that the“decoupling”between China and the US is contagious,evolutionary,and even partly uncontrollable.However,it is still in the phase of“partial decoupling”rather than“complete decoupling”,and the government-level decision-making has contributed a lot to defuse the conflict.The“decoupling”trend between China and the US has made a significant impact on China-US relations and even the global industrial chain in aspects of trade,investment,technology,and public opinion.Influenced by structural and policy factors,the status of“partial decoupling”will last for a long time,and it would be hard to escalate into“complete decoupling”.The ultimate factors shaping the process of“decoupling”are the policy choices and mutual influences of both sides.Confronted with the US paranoid misunderstanding of China’s intentions and negative perception of benefits of China-US cooperation,China should take corresponding measures,such as deepening cooperation and setting positive agendas,to shape bilateral relations.
作者 刁大明 王丽 DIAO Daming;WANG Li(Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China)
出处 《太平洋学报》 CSSCI 北大核心 2020年第7期12-27,共16页 Pacific Journal
基金 国家社科基金重点项目“新型国际关系构建进程中的中国角色研究”(19AGJ001)的阶段性研究成果。
关键词 中美关系 经贸摩擦 “脱钩” “部分脱钩” 特朗普政府 China-US relations trade conflict decoupling partial decoupling Trump administration
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